A CASE OF CONGENITAL ARTERIOPORTAL FISTULA IN A DOG

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Serban ZAMFIRESCU, Alexandru DIACONESCU, Florin DUMITRESCU, Ruxandra COSTEA, Stefan OLARU

This paper presents the methods of diagnostic and management in a case of a canine arterioportal fistula. The patient was submitted to the physician with signs of portal hypertension, elevated transaminases and hypoproteinemia. The ultrasound exam revealed hepatic lobar asymmetry and irregular contour, ascites and a communication between the hepatic artery and the portal vein. The surgery consisted in the ligation of the arterio-venous communication with non absorbable synthetic matherial. The post-surgical evolution was favorable.

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Zamfirescu S., Diaconescu A., Dumitrescu F., Costea R., Olaru S. 2015, A CASE OF CONGENITAL ARTERIOPORTAL FISTULA IN A DOG. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 195-198.

A CASE OF HEPATIC CYST AND HEPATIC LOBE TORSION IN A CHOW-CHOW MALE

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Alexandru DIACONESCU, Teodor SOARE, Bogdan BALASCAU, Raluca MUNTEANU, Ruxandra COSTEA

The paper aims to describe a clinical case of a dog with a hepatic cyst and a hepatic lobe torsion. Abdominal ultrasound of the dog presented for anorexia and vomiting revealed an anechoic mass in the hepatic parenchyma and a hyperechoic area on the left lateral liver lobe. The biochemical findings in this case showed an elevated glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). The surgery consisted of a partial lobectomy of both affected lobes.

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DIACONESCU A., SOARE T., BALASCAU B., MUNTEANU R., COSTEA R. 2017, A CASE OF HEPATIC CYST AND HEPATIC LOBE TORSION IN A CHOW-CHOW MALE. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 85-89.

A REPORT REGARDING FIRST OCCURRENCE OF BLUETONGUE IN ROMANIA, 2014

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Elena Mihaela TILIBAȘA, Dumitru POPESCU, Corina BADEA, Florin Ștefan HORA, Gheorghe DĂRĂBUȘ

This report describes the evolution of Bluetongue for the first time in Romania. Serological surveillance has been performed since 2000 and entomological surveillance since 2005 for Bluetongue. Vectors belonging to C. obsoletus, C. pulicaris and C. nubeculosus complexes were identified but until 2014 this country was free of Bluetongue. On September 10th 2008, a Bluetongue outbreak on the Hungarian territory Forraytania determined the Romanian authorities to establish a surveillance zone in the North-Western part of Romania. In April 2009 Romania reported the negative results of monitoring actions carried out and asked the European Commission for lifting of restriction measures. First case of Bluetongue in Romania was confirmed on 22nd of August 2014 in county of Buzau, South- Eastern Romania. The BTV 4 serotype was identified and confirmed by the Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (IDAH). Around 4th of September the apparent morbidity rate increased up to 43.48% in cattle and 3.84 in sheep; the apparent mortality rate was 0.00% in cattle and 0.89% in sheep. By 22nd of September the apparent morbidity rate decreased to 14.18% in cattle and 2.07 in sheep while the apparent mortality rate was maintained to 0.00% in cattle and decreased to 0.07% in sheep. By the end of October Bluetongue has extended all over Romania. On 11th of November the rates for the apparent morbidity were 8.45% in cattle and 1.06 in sheep while the apparent mortality rate was 0.00% in cattle and 0.08% in sheep. The infected cases were confirmed using real-time PCR. No vaccination or treatment of affected animals was performed during this outbreak only control of insects, movement control of animals inside the country and disinfection. By the 2nd of December 2014 there were no new outbreaks to be reported in this country. Giving the situation N.S.V.F.S.A. decided that any new outbreak will be reported in the bi-annual reports. Comprising all the data collected shows that the approximate morbidity rate was 0.05% in cattle and 0.03% in sheep and the approximate mortality rate was 0.00% in cattle and 0.02% in sheep from the total number of animals in infected counties.

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Tilibașa E. M., Popescu D., Badea C., Hora F. Ş., Dărăbuș G. 2015, A REPORT REGARDING FIRST OCCURRENCE OF BLUETONGUE IN ROMANIA, 2014. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 277-280.

A RETROSPECTIVE CASE STUDY OF MACROSCOPIC AND MICROSCOPIC ASPECTS IN AN OUTBREAK OF AVIAN CAMPYLOBACTERIOSIS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4
Written by Bogdan George Rosu, Gabriel PREDOI, Constantin VLAGIOIU, Stefania RAITA, Petronela Rosu, A. POPOVICI, Bogdan GEORGESCU, Florica BARBUCEANU

Avian campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease found in many species of birds, manifested by general disorders and decreased egg production and pathologically by the presence of necrotic foci in the liver and lesions of catarrhal, catarrhal-hemorrhagic or necrotic fibrin enteritis.Samples were represented by 20 corpses of birds that necropsy was performed. Depending on the pathological changes encountered were harvested organ pieces that have been processed by histological staining method trichromic and Pappenheim staining method.This paper presents the issues encountered histopathological harvest organs from birds to Campylobacter jejuni has been identified, in 2008, at the Avicola Crevedia. Because the cytohistopatological changes observed are not specific infection with Campylobacter spp., study will continue through the optimization of immunohistochemical techniques for detection of this bacterial injury.

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Bogdan George Rosu, Gabriel PREDOI, Constantin VLAGIOIU, Stefania RAITA, Petronela Rosu, A. POPOVICI, Bogdan GEORGESCU, Florica BARBUCEANU 2013, A RETROSPECTIVE CASE STUDY OF MACROSCOPIC AND MICROSCOPIC ASPECTS IN AN OUTBREAK OF AVIAN CAMPYLOBACTERIOSIS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2065-1301, 40-43.

A STUDY ON OPTIMIZATION OF INFORMATIONAL FUNCTION OF UNIVERSITY LIBRARY IN CONNECTION WITH THE EDUCATIONAL PART

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Letitia PURDOIU, Bogdan Georgescu

The main objective of this paper is to determine the perception degree of the role of university library by its users, its relevance in relation to academic learning and research. It is an analysis of possible ways to optimize the accessibility of university library structure, correlated with current information environment impact on its users. The conducted research follows several important aspects of the relationship between information-documentation and processes of learning and research, especially from the perspective of the analysis of services and electronic informational resources offered by the library, in conjunction with the profile of its users from the served academic environment. Analysis of conducted study results showed that the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Bucharest Library at present does not fully exploit its info-documentary potential in supporting learning and research. Thus, it certainly should be carefully reviewed its marketing policy in order to define optimal solutions for advertising, creating accurate and complete picture of the library both in terms of content and functionality and offered services; there should be developed specific practical ways to optimize accessibility through information literacy.

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Purdoiu L., Georgescu B. 2015, A STUDY ON OPTIMIZATION OF INFORMATIONAL FUNCTION OF UNIVERSITY LIBRARY IN CONNECTION WITH THE EDUCATIONAL PART. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 244-249.

A SURVEY ON ECTO- AND ENDOPARASITES IN SOME MIGRATORY BIRDS IN THE DANUBE DELTA, ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Alexandra GRUIANU, Mariana IONITA, Lucian FASOLA-MATASARU, Paul-Lucian TIBU, Ioan Liviu MITREA

Migratory birds are important carriers and reservoirs for a variety of pathogens, with a great potential of their spreading. The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve is one of the most important migration stopover for a great diversity of migratory birds where they feed and recover the energy supplies towards the African wintering grounds. Knowledge about the circulation of pathogens, parasites included, in different areas and different bird gatherings contributes to a better understanding of the epidemiology of some parasitic diseases which are responsible for changing in host population dynamics and the potential risks for vector-borne diseases, including zoonoses. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the occurrence of ecto- and endoparasites in some migratory birds at the hotstop in the Danube Delta (Southeastern Romania). For this, a total number of 260 birds (Passeriformes and Pelecaniformes), belonging to five families (Sylviidae, Turdidae, Laniidae, Paridae, Ardeidae) and 12 species were investigated, during of a ringing session, in August 2016. All birds were examined for external parasites. Additional, 23 birds were also subjected for endoparasite infections using flotation method and microscopic examination. Overall, out of the total birds 22.30% (58/260) were found positive for ectoparasites (feather mites, chewing lice), while 12 of the 23 investigated (52.17%) were positive for internal parasites. As ectoparasites, were detected feather mites in 21.53% (56/260), belonging to Trouessartiidae and Proctophyllodidae families; chweing lice in 0.38% (1/260), belonging to the genus Menachantus (Phtiraptera), and fowl mite Ornithonyssus spp. (Mesostigmata) (0.38%; 1/260). The most common endoparasite infection was with coccidia (Apicomplexa) (39.13%; 9/23), represented by Eimeria spp. and Isospora spp. The prevalence of internal and external parasites found in the present study highlight the need for further investigation of parasitofauna in wildbirds considering the fact that, parasites might have a negative effects on population dynamics of birds.

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GRUIANU A., IONITA M., FASOLA-MATASARU L., TIBU P.L., MITREA I.L. 2017, A SURVEY ON ECTO- AND ENDOPARASITES IN SOME MIGRATORY BIRDS IN THE DANUBE DELTA, ROMANIA. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 109-114.

A TRAUMA CASE REPORT AND INCIDENTAL FINDING OF HYPODERMA PARASITISM IN A FREE-RANGING ROE DEER (CAPREOLUS CAPREOLUS)

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Andrei Constantin STOIAN, Emilia CIOBOTARU, Ioan Liviu MITREA, Mariana IONIȚĂ, Raluca Ioana RIZAC, Iulia Alexandra PARASCHIV, Gabriel PREDOI

Deer motor vehicle-crush (dMVC) trauma is a significant cause of death in free-ranging populations including tissue disruptions, organ dysfunctions and cellular damages. The present case describes the gross lesions of a Capreolus capreolus with death in suspicious circumstances. Supplementary information was provided by the police concerning the place (hunting area) and the circumstances of the accident. Radiological examination revealed multiple ante mortem (head, neck and costal) and postmortem (anterior members) fractures. The most relevant lesions observed in gross investigations were the multiple fractures and characteristic motor vehicle accident with skin abrasions and subcutaneous suffusions. Hemorrhagic effusions were remarked in the abdominal and thoracic cavities due to liver rupture (entirety transdiaphragmatic herniation) and lung perforation by rib fracture. Incidental, were found dorsal in thoracic and lumbar regions larvae of Hypoderma diana (n=93) causing myiasis in roe deer. Concerning the results from examinations, the cause of death was the hemorhagic shock due to politraumatism caused by car accident.

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Stoian A. C., Ciobotaru E., Mitrea I. L., Ioniţă M., Rizac R. I., Paraschiv I. A., Predoi G. 2015, A TRAUMA CASE REPORT AND INCIDENTAL FINDING OF HYPODERMA PARASITISM IN A FREE-RANGING ROE DEER (CAPREOLUS CAPREOLUS). Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 113-117.

ACTUALITIES IN THE THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT OF SALMONELLOSIS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Alexandra Mihaela POPA, Stelian BARAITAREANU

Contamination of food with Salmonella is a serious public health concern, and Community legislation on animal health covers the control of salmonella as a food-borne zoonotic agent. However, salmonellosis is a common bacterial disease responsible for major foodborne diarrheal disease in companion animals. For this reason, in some circumstances, the stamping-out policy of Salmonella control is replaced by therapeutic intervention, but the use of antimicrobials is not always recommended. This paper presented the options of treatment in the food-borne diarrheal disease associated with salmonellosis in companion animals (dogs and cats). The actual concept of salmonellosis treatment in companion animals comprise symptomatic and supportive therapy, diet and client education (increasing the quality of life, restrict access to the animal, good hygiene). Diet will be adapted at particularities of each clinical case, and may involve food restriction (1-2 days) and a high digestible, low-fat diet. To increase the quality of life, the microclimate conditions should be reconsidered. Development of a treatment plan for salmonella infections aims to facilitate the application of the best therapy but especially the removal of possible errors. The form of treatment depends on the severity of illness. The symptomatic treatment consists of replacing fluid and electrolyte losses: polyionic isotonic solutions, plasma transfusions, hypertonic glucose solutions. Specific treatment is chosen after culture and susceptibility testing (DST). As a conclusion, therapeutic management of salmonellosis should be approached as a plan, following all goals and using the best antimicrobial therapy in order to control the risk of creating carrier animals.

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Popa A. M., Baraitareanu S. 2015, ACTUALITIES IN THE THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT OF SALMONELLOSIS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 55-60.

AN EXPLORATORY RESEARCH REGARDING ROMANIAN ORGANIC FARMING SECTOR

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Valentin-Cosmin SARACIN, Adrian VASILE

The paper is aimed to identify how large is the sector of organic farming in Romania and why this sector should be developed. Because of the changes in the social structure, the economic crisis and the ageing of population, Romania must identify other segments and industries for an economic prosperity. This study focuses on a market niche represented by organic farming. In order to present how large is the sector of organic farming in Romania, statistical data regarding agricultural areas and livestock under organic farming were gathered and analyzed. Results shows that organic farming has a low impact in Romanian agriculture, and in agro-food system, but because of accelerated growth of indicators, Romania has a big potential and interest in developing the organic sector. As a conclusion, it is a very interesting and attractive subject, because people are more and more focused on consuming natural products for a healthy life.

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Saracin V. C., Vasile A. 2015, AN EXPLORATORY RESEARCH REGARDING ROMANIAN ORGANIC FARMING SECTOR. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 260-265.

ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF CEREBRAL BIOELECTRIC BEHAVIOR IN DOGS WITH EPILEPSY THROUGH ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Gabriela-Dumitrița STANCIU, Mihai MUSTEAŢĂ, Gheorghe SOLCAN

The goal of the current study was to evaluate electrophysiological status of primary (EP) and secondary epilepsy (ES) regarding clinical and neurological findings. Other purpose was to analyze the interictal, intraictal and postictal parameters that could help to differentiate between the two types of epilepsy and a description of interictal epileptiform discharges (EDs) for a better understanding of canine epilepsy. Methods - 93 dogs with histories of seizures were referred to the Clinic for Internal Medicine from Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Iași, during the study period. Electrical potentials acquisition was performed using the electroencephalograph Neurofax S, MEB 9400K Nihon Kohden. Before the test, all dogs underwent general anesthesia with medetomidine hydrochloride (Domitor, Pfizer) 30 μg/kg inj. i.m. Stainless steel needle electrodes were subcutaneously placed, in an 8 channel bipolar montage, according to the model Redding and Knecht (1984). Results – In the present study, the neurological examination was suggestive of ES in 70% of cases in ES group, but in EP group clinical and neurological examination were typically unremarkable and postictal behavioural changes were occasionally observed. Interictal electroencephalographic examination of dogs with epilepsy often showed EDs. We found EEG changes that could be considered EDs in 88.88 % from dogs with primary epilepsy and 100% in those with secondary epilepsy. The EEG abnormalities identified were polispikes, spikes, sharp waves and spikes-waves complexes. As the EDs in our epileptic dogs, were often detected, the diagnostic value of the EEG in the work-up appeared to be very high. Conclusion – The clinical and neurological findings are important indicators, but not enough to distinguish between ES and EP. EEG in epileptic dogs seems to have a high sensitivity for detecting EDs in this clinical setting.

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Stanciu G. D., Musteaţă M., Solcan G. 2015, ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF CEREBRAL BIOELECTRIC BEHAVIOR IN DOGS WITH EPILEPSY THROUGH ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 113-122.


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