PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Adrian DUMITRU, Gabriela CHIOVEANU, Mariana IONITA, Gheorghe DOBRE, Ioan Liviu MITREA

Essential oils have been assigned with special properties over the time. They are used much in herbal medicine, but also in apiculture, mainly due to their emollient, calming, carminative, antispasmodic, and mainly antiseptic properties. In order to determine the therapeutic dose to be used in treatment of nosemosis in bee colonies, it has been tested the product Suppressor 1, a mixture of medicinal herbs and etheric oils obtained from melliferous plants, dissolved in ethylic alcohol 96°. The studies were carried out in laboratory conditions with microclimate parameters being permanently monitored. Five experimental modules with natural infection with Nosema spp. were organized for testing the product, together with three control ones (one positive and two negative controls, respectively); each module consisted in two groups, with at least 100 bees/group (106 - 187 bees). The bee groups were kept in wooden cages equipped with glass, mesh ventilation and nutrition systems. The tested product was used in different concentrations, from 1 to 50 ml /litre in sugar syrup, administered ad libitum. In order to determine the therapeutic dose, the mortality rate, at various intervals (24, 48, 72, 96 hours, and then at 8, 16 and 26 days, p.t.), was registered. The best efficacy was obtained for the concentration of 5 ml of product/l syrup; this was considered the therapeutic dose. The tested product was not proved to affect the viability and vitality of bees. These results will be the base for further field studies of the product, in order to provide alternative solutions for control of honey bee’s diseases using natural products and to avoid drug residues in apiculture products.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Serban ZAMFIRESCU, Alexandru DIACONESCU, Florin DUMITRESCU, Ruxandra COSTEA, Stefan OLARU

This paper presents the methods of diagnostic and management in a case of a canine arterioportal fistula. The patient was submitted to the physician with signs of portal hypertension, elevated transaminases and hypoproteinemia. The ultrasound exam revealed hepatic lobar asymmetry and irregular contour, ascites and a communication between the hepatic artery and the portal vein. The surgery consisted in the ligation of the arterio-venous communication with non absorbable synthetic matherial. The post-surgical evolution was favorable.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Alexandru DIACONESCU, Teodor SOARE, Bogdan BALASCAU, Raluca MUNTEANU, Ruxandra COSTEA

The paper aims to describe a clinical case of a dog with a hepatic cyst and a hepatic lobe torsion. Abdominal ultrasound of the dog presented for anorexia and vomiting revealed an anechoic mass in the hepatic parenchyma and a hyperechoic area on the left lateral liver lobe. The biochemical findings in this case showed an elevated glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). The surgery consisted of a partial lobectomy of both affected lobes.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Elena Mihaela TILIBAȘA, Dumitru POPESCU, Corina BADEA, Florin Ștefan HORA, Gheorghe DĂRĂBUȘ

This report describes the evolution of Bluetongue for the first time in Romania. Serological surveillance has been performed since 2000 and entomological surveillance since 2005 for Bluetongue. Vectors belonging to C. obsoletus, C. pulicaris and C. nubeculosus complexes were identified but until 2014 this country was free of Bluetongue. On September 10th 2008, a Bluetongue outbreak on the Hungarian territory Forraytania determined the Romanian authorities to establish a surveillance zone in the North-Western part of Romania. In April 2009 Romania reported the negative results of monitoring actions carried out and asked the European Commission for lifting of restriction measures. First case of Bluetongue in Romania was confirmed on 22nd of August 2014 in county of Buzau, South- Eastern Romania. The BTV 4 serotype was identified and confirmed by the Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health (IDAH). Around 4th of September the apparent morbidity rate increased up to 43.48% in cattle and 3.84 in sheep; the apparent mortality rate was 0.00% in cattle and 0.89% in sheep. By 22nd of September the apparent morbidity rate decreased to 14.18% in cattle and 2.07 in sheep while the apparent mortality rate was maintained to 0.00% in cattle and decreased to 0.07% in sheep. By the end of October Bluetongue has extended all over Romania. On 11th of November the rates for the apparent morbidity were 8.45% in cattle and 1.06 in sheep while the apparent mortality rate was 0.00% in cattle and 0.08% in sheep. The infected cases were confirmed using real-time PCR. No vaccination or treatment of affected animals was performed during this outbreak only control of insects, movement control of animals inside the country and disinfection. By the 2nd of December 2014 there were no new outbreaks to be reported in this country. Giving the situation N.S.V.F.S.A. decided that any new outbreak will be reported in the bi-annual reports. Comprising all the data collected shows that the approximate morbidity rate was 0.05% in cattle and 0.03% in sheep and the approximate mortality rate was 0.00% in cattle and 0.02% in sheep from the total number of animals in infected counties.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4
Written by Bogdan George Rosu, Gabriel PREDOI, Constantin VLAGIOIU, Stefania RAITA, Petronela Rosu, A. POPOVICI, Bogdan GEORGESCU, Florica BARBUCEANU

Avian campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease found in many species of birds, manifested by general disorders and decreased egg production and pathologically by the presence of necrotic foci in the liver and lesions of catarrhal, catarrhal-hemorrhagic or necrotic fibrin enteritis.Samples were represented by 20 corpses of birds that necropsy was performed. Depending on the pathological changes encountered were harvested organ pieces that have been processed by histological staining method trichromic and Pappenheim staining method.This paper presents the issues encountered histopathological harvest organs from birds to Campylobacter jejuni has been identified, in 2008, at the Avicola Crevedia. Because the cytohistopatological changes observed are not specific infection with Campylobacter spp., study will continue through the optimization of immunohistochemical techniques for detection of this bacterial injury.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIV, Issue 2
Written by Raluca Mihaela TURBATU, Cristina FERNOAGA, Nicolae TUDOR, Constantin VLAGIOIU

This review paper aimed to gather together the most relevant findings concerning the neurological examination and the localization of the lesion in the central nervous system. Clinical signs are specific depending on the regions of the brain involved (forebrain, brain stem, cerebellum or vestibular apparatus). In order to obtain and correlate these signs to a certain localization of the lesion, it is necessary that some steps be strictly followed when examining the animal. The first step is to obtain the full medical history of the patient by discussing with the owner. The physician must then perform the physical examination, followed by a complete and correct neurological examination. Neurological signs can be associated to a certain region of the brain. The mental status is evaluated first, followed by the behavior and the way the animal interacts with the environment, the postural reactions (head, body, limbs) and the gait, cranial nerves, proprioception, spinal reflexes, panniculus and perineal reflexes. When the examination is complete, all findings are taken into consideration and an accurate neuroanatomic diagnosis is established.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIV, Issue 2
Written by Alexandra PETEOACA, Andreea ISTRATE, Andrei TANASE, Jacqueline MOCANU, Catalin MICSA, Lucian IONITA

The aim of this paper is to review the background of robotic surgery, the existing technology associated with this field, the main robotic surgical procedures, the training methods, the financial aspect of using these systems and future prospects for robotic-assisted surgery. Given the fact that robotic surgery has a history of only 30 years, the surgical possibilities are not researched to their full extent. The most appreciated feature of the robotic system is considered to be the high mobility and wide array of movement allowing access to do surgery on tissues inaccessible to classical approaches. With regards to the downside of this technique, it’s almost unanimous accepted that it’s cost related. To write this article over 60 literature sources about the history and development of surgical robots also concerning case studies, animal and human trials and their results obtained throughout the past few years were reviewed. Numerous trials that analyze new surgical applications are undergoing and although the system has been mainly used for soft tissue small interventions, its limits are yet to be determined.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Letitia PURDOIU, Bogdan Georgescu

The main objective of this paper is to determine the perception degree of the role of university library by its users, its relevance in relation to academic learning and research. It is an analysis of possible ways to optimize the accessibility of university library structure, correlated with current information environment impact on its users. The conducted research follows several important aspects of the relationship between information-documentation and processes of learning and research, especially from the perspective of the analysis of services and electronic informational resources offered by the library, in conjunction with the profile of its users from the served academic environment. Analysis of conducted study results showed that the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Bucharest Library at present does not fully exploit its info-documentary potential in supporting learning and research. Thus, it certainly should be carefully reviewed its marketing policy in order to define optimal solutions for advertising, creating accurate and complete picture of the library both in terms of content and functionality and offered services; there should be developed specific practical ways to optimize accessibility through information literacy.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Alexandra GRUIANU, Mariana IONITA, Lucian FASOLA-MATASARU, Paul-Lucian TIBU, Ioan Liviu MITREA

Migratory birds are important carriers and reservoirs for a variety of pathogens, with a great potential of their spreading. The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve is one of the most important migration stopover for a great diversity of migratory birds where they feed and recover the energy supplies towards the African wintering grounds. Knowledge about the circulation of pathogens, parasites included, in different areas and different bird gatherings contributes to a better understanding of the epidemiology of some parasitic diseases which are responsible for changing in host population dynamics and the potential risks for vector-borne diseases, including zoonoses. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the occurrence of ecto- and endoparasites in some migratory birds at the hotstop in the Danube Delta (Southeastern Romania). For this, a total number of 260 birds (Passeriformes and Pelecaniformes), belonging to five families (Sylviidae, Turdidae, Laniidae, Paridae, Ardeidae) and 12 species were investigated, during of a ringing session, in August 2016. All birds were examined for external parasites. Additional, 23 birds were also subjected for endoparasite infections using flotation method and microscopic examination. Overall, out of the total birds 22.30% (58/260) were found positive for ectoparasites (feather mites, chewing lice), while 12 of the 23 investigated (52.17%) were positive for internal parasites. As ectoparasites, were detected feather mites in 21.53% (56/260), belonging to Trouessartiidae and Proctophyllodidae families; chweing lice in 0.38% (1/260), belonging to the genus Menachantus (Phtiraptera), and fowl mite Ornithonyssus spp. (Mesostigmata) (0.38%; 1/260). The most common endoparasite infection was with coccidia (Apicomplexa) (39.13%; 9/23), represented by Eimeria spp. and Isospora spp. The prevalence of internal and external parasites found in the present study highlight the need for further investigation of parasitofauna in wildbirds considering the fact that, parasites might have a negative effects on population dynamics of birds.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Andrei Constantin STOIAN, Emilia CIOBOTARU, Ioan Liviu MITREA, Mariana IONIȚĂ, Raluca Ioana RIZAC, Iulia Alexandra PARASCHIV, Gabriel PREDOI

Deer motor vehicle-crush (dMVC) trauma is a significant cause of death in free-ranging populations including tissue disruptions, organ dysfunctions and cellular damages. The present case describes the gross lesions of a Capreolus capreolus with death in suspicious circumstances. Supplementary information was provided by the police concerning the place (hunting area) and the circumstances of the accident. Radiological examination revealed multiple ante mortem (head, neck and costal) and postmortem (anterior members) fractures. The most relevant lesions observed in gross investigations were the multiple fractures and characteristic motor vehicle accident with skin abrasions and subcutaneous suffusions. Hemorrhagic effusions were remarked in the abdominal and thoracic cavities due to liver rupture (entirety transdiaphragmatic herniation) and lung perforation by rib fracture. Incidental, were found dorsal in thoracic and lumbar regions larvae of Hypoderma diana (n=93) causing myiasis in roe deer. Concerning the results from examinations, the cause of death was the hemorhagic shock due to politraumatism caused by car accident.

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