CRITERIA FOR ADOPTING DOGS FROM SHELTERS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Timea KOCIS, Ioan ȚIBRU

The present paper conveys the results obtained by applying a behaviour evaluation test to dogs in shelters, The Experiments took place in a shelter in Timisoara, and their purpose was to differentiate those dogs which, from a behavioural point of view, fulfil adoption criteria from those which present various disorders that make the adoption process difficult. In order to carry out the study a number of 30 dogs have been tested, the basic test criteria where the basic commands such as sit, stay, fetch a toy, taking away the food bowl and the reaction to the doll. The study concluded with the fact that all 30 dogs could be adopted, showing only minor behavioural disorders due to the prolonged stay at the shelter.

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Kocis T., Ţibru I. 2015, CRITERIA FOR ADOPTING DOGS FROM SHELTERS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 199-200.

CRITICAL REVIEW ON STURDINESS AS A RATHER FORGOTTEN TRAIT IN BREED IMPROVEMENT OF DAIRY COWS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXII, Issue 1
Written by Marcel PARASCHIVESCU, Marcel Theodor PARASCHIVESCU

The present paper intents to stress the importance of the body type in highly productive dairy cattle breeds. Arguments of the presented concept are deduced from the current practice of the Holstein Friesian Association of USA since the Holstein Friesian Breed of America has the highest genetic pressure for milk production. The high genetic merit of individuals concerning milk production is the result of using only one selection criterion for the discriminating reproduction with the registered in Herd Book individuals. Further the resulted genetic progress is sustained by a clever nominalization of pairs ensuring a strong sturdiness of the body to large quantities of feed to be ingested and a convenient dry matter content of milk. In addition to these breeding schemes some management measures are in use. Among these the most important are a good rest and a regular milking. Since Holstein-Friesian cattle are huge animals consuming concentrate feeds alternative trails to produce richer in dry matter milk are in course. In this case more forage feeds are used. In this kind of breeds the sturdiness of animals is an open question. Some experience in this respect could be finding in New Zeeland, but the farming system there is completely peculiar.

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PARASCHIVESCU M., PARASCHIVESCU M.T. 2016, CRITICAL REVIEW ON STURDINESS AS A RATHER FORGOTTEN TRAIT IN BREED IMPROVEMENT OF DAIRY COWS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXII, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 94-97.

CRYOPRESERVATION OF RED BLOOD CELLS: A REVIEW

In the past years the concern related to transfusional medicine in veterinary practice has thoroughly increased due to the development of emergency medicine and also to veterinarians’ practical abilities. Cryopreservation of blood or its products defines the procedures that allow blood to keep its viability in a sterile state for an indefinite period of time without damaging the biological properties

CRYSTALLOIDS/COLLOIDS RATIO FOR FLUID RESUSCITATION DURING ANESTHESIA

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Ruxandra COSTEA, Andra DEGAN, Ruxandra TUDOR

Crystalloids and colloids are first options for fluid resuscitation. Crystalloids expand extracellular volume, while colloids (synthetic and natural) exert a high oncotic pressure and expand volume by oncotic pressure. Many clinical studies advocate the use of crystalloids versus colloids. Greater fluid volumes are required to meet the same targets with crystalloids than with colloids, but there is a heterogenity among studies. Crystalloids’ effect may lead to extracellular fluid accumulation, increased gastrointestinal wall edema, pulmonary edema, especially in patients with cardiac or renal dysfunctions. While low dose colloids preserve hematocrit and coagulation, there is a risk of abnormal hemostasis if high doses of colloids are administered. This study presents researches results regarding crystalloids/colloids ratio for fluid resuscitation during anesthesia.

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COSTEA R., DEGAN A., TUDOR R. 2017, CRYSTALLOIDS/COLLOIDS RATIO FOR FLUID RESUSCITATION DURING ANESTHESIA. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 65-66.

CUTANEOUS PHAEOHYPHOMYCOSIS IN A DOG WITH COLOR DILUTION ALOPECIA - CASE REPORT

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Carmen NEGOIŢĂ, Valentina NEGOIŢĂ

Phaeohyphomycoses are recognized as opportunistic fungal infections caused by several genera of melanin-pigmented moulds (dematiaceous fungi) which are ubiquitous saprophytic agents found in soil, water and decaying vegetable matter. These infections are usually acquired by direct traumatic implantation of fungal elements into tissues or by contamination of open wounds, being invariably associated with an immunosuppressive or debilitated status. Phaeohyphomycoses are rarely reported in dogs, most appearing as focal or multifocal subcutaneous intact or ulcerated/fistulized nodules or plaques usually found in the facial area, the distal part of extremities or the tail, without any systemic signs. According to the literature data, Alternaria spp. were identified on the coat from 20-80% of healthy dogs and cats without any skin lesions. In this paper, we have reported a case of cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis with Alternaria spp. in a 3-year-old unspayed male Cane corso dog with chronic skin lesions, not responding to antibiotherapy. The diagnosis of fungal infection was based on cytology, fungal culture and clinical response to long term oral administration of itraconazole. In our opinion, the infection likely occurred by direct implantation into defective hairs as well as by contamination of ruptured follicular cysts with Alternaria spp.originated from skin colonization and the outdoor habitat. We also considered the inherited follicular dysplasia (color dilution alopecia) to be a promoting factor in acquisition of this opportunistic fungal infection. Finally, complete resolution of lesions under itraconazole therapy and lack of reccurence for 14 months were decisive features for diagnosis.

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NEGOIŢĂ C., NEGOIŢĂ V. 2017, CUTANEOUS PHAEOHYPHOMYCOSIS IN A DOG WITH COLOR DILUTION ALOPECIA - CASE REPORT. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 101-105.

CYATHOSTOMINS SPECIES IDENTIFIED AFTER DEWORMING OF HORSES IN WESTERN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Corina BADEA, Florin Ştefan HORA, Elena Mihaela TILIBAŞA, Marius Stelian ILIE, Sorin MORARIU, Gheorghe DĂRĂBUŞ

The study was conducted during October 2013 - February 2014 on twelve horses from several cities from Arad County, Romania. The aim was to identify the species of small strongyle nematodes (cyathostomin spp.) expelled after deworming of horses using fenbendazole 30 % at a dose of 10 mg per body weight. For this study only the horses with 250 strongyle eggs per gram of faeces or more have been selected. The faeces were collected 24, 36, 48 hours after the treatment for the identification of the strongyles expelled. All helminths expelled were collected in physiological serum, washed and fixed in lactophenol for 2 days for clarification of the anatomical structures and maintained in 70 % ethanol for later identification. All of the helmiths expelled were small strongyles (cyathostomin spp.) and identified by morphological criteria proposed by Tolliver, 2000 and Lichtenfels et al., 2008. The cyathostomins species found were: Cyathostomum catinatum, Cyathostomum pateratum, Cylicocyclus nassatus, Cylicostephanus longibursatus, Cylicostephanus goldi and Petrovinema poculatus

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Badea C., Hora F. Ş., Tilibaşa E. M., Ilie M. S., Morariu S., Dărăbuş G. 2015, CYATHOSTOMINS SPECIES IDENTIFIED AFTER DEWORMING OF HORSES IN WESTERN ROMANIA. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 95-98.

CYTOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF CANINE CUTANEOUS HISTIOCYTIC PROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Georgeta DINESCU, Ioana Cristina FUNDĂȚIANU, Andrei TĂNASE, Elvira CONDRUȚ, Teodoru SOARE, Manuella MILITARU

Canine cutaneous histiocytic proliferative disorders are increasingly seen in general practice and they pose as both diagnostic and therapeutic challenges for veterinary clinicians. This study aims to evaluate and describe the epidemiology and morphological features of the histiocytic proliferative disorders in dogs as well as to emphasize the importance of the cytological examination in the diagnostic approach. The study was conducted over a period of 5 years (2008-2012) in the Department of Pathological Anatomy of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Bucharest and comprises a total of 130 cases of dogs with cutaneous lesions that had been diagnosed with cutaneous histiocytic proliferative disorders. The cytologically examined samples were obtained by fine needle technique (78%), either with or without aspiration, and by surgical biopsy (22%). The slides were obtained by sliding, imprinting or squeezing and either classical or quick May-Grünwald Giemsa (MGG) staining techniques were used. 26 cases were both cytologically and histologically examined. During this period a number of 3855 dogs were specifically examined out of which 1381 (35.8%) had cutaneous lesions. Of the 1381 dogs presenting cutaneous lesions, 130 (9.4%) were diagnosed with different histiocytic lesions. Of the 130 cases evaluated in this study, 80 (61.5%) were males and 50 (38.5%) were females, indicating that males are more prone to developing this type of lesions. The most frequently affected body regions were the trunk (37%) and the limbs (37%). 9.2% of the total number of cases had multicentric lesions. After cytological examination and according to the latest classification of the histiocytic diseases in dogs, the following lesions were diagnosed: canine cutaneous histiocytoma (54%), histiocytic sarcoma (29%), malignant histiocytosis (6.2%), reactive histiocytosis (5.4%) and atipical histiocytoma (5.4%).

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Dinescu G., Fundățianu I. C., Tănase A., Condruț E., Soare T., Militaru M. 2015, CYTOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF CANINE CUTANEOUS HISTIOCYTIC PROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 123-126.

DATA ON CANINE HEARTWORM (DIROFILARIA IMMITIS) INFECTION AND OTHER VECTOR-BORNE PATHOGENS IN DOGS IN BUCHAREST AREA, ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Gina Teodora GIRDAN, Roxana Georgiana ANGHEL, Mariana IONITA, Ioan Liviu MITREA

Heartworm disease is a serious cardiovascular and potentially fatal condition characterized by the presence of nematode Dirofilaria immitis in different developmental stages, found both in peripheral circulation, represented by microfilariae, and pulmonary artery and the right heart, represented by adult parasites. Diagnosis and identification of Dirofilaria species is complex involving antigen detection and microfilarial recognition. Therefore it is important for both animals and humans, improvement of rapid and efficient diagnostic protocols being a really powerful objective for epidemiological study progress.The purpose of the present study was to determine the exposure to D. immitis infection and other arthropod-borne pathogens of dogs living in Bucharest’ adjacent area. For this we used modified Knott’s technique and a point-of-care immunochromatographic test SNAP®4Dx® Plus. The modified Knott test is a concentration test that relies on lysing red blood cells and fixation of microfilariae for morphological examination, while, SNAP®4Dx® Plus represents an in-clinic diagnostic test that simultaneously screens dogs for 4 vector-borne diseases, including - Dirofilaria immitis antigen, and Ehrlichia canis, Ehrlichia ewingii, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Anaplasma platys and Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies. A total of 175 dogs from Bucharest’s adjacent area were included in the study. Of them, 21.14% were positive for D. immitis antigens. However, the modified Knott technique revealed a total of 16.57% samples positive for microfilariae of which 10.28% were D.immitis mf, 4.57%, D.repens mf. and 1.71% Acanthocheilonema mf. Additionally, 3.42% of dogs were positive for Anaplasma spp. antibodies, 1.14% for Ehrlichia spp, and 0.57% respectively, for B. burgdoferi. In conclusion D.immitis infection in dogs from the greatest area of Bucharest is threatening high and therefore treatment and prophylaxis are needed to decrease the risks of disease since apparently healthy dogs harboring parasite serve as a reservoir of infection for other animals.

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Girdan G. T., Anghel R. G., Ionita M., Mitrea I. L. 2015, DATA ON CANINE HEARTWORM (DIROFILARIA IMMITIS) INFECTION AND OTHER VECTOR-BORNE PATHOGENS IN DOGS IN BUCHAREST AREA, ROMANIA. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 146-151.

DEEP FLEXOR TENOTOMY PARTIALLY IN EQUINE TENDON RETRACTION

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Ioana COJOCARU, Andrei TANASE, Adrian COMARZAN, Marius Mihai MUSTE

Deep flexor tenotomy in horses partially requires to correct carriage of the flexor tendon retraction as a consequence of improperly treated traumatic temasynovitis (granulomatous tenasynovitis, scar tenasynovitis, sicca tenasynovitis etc.). The clinical aspect highlights abnormal origin of the limb at rest with the support member in hostels, shartened stride and 1 grade lameness then 2. The treatment is limited to orthopedic surgery protocol followed of a rest period. Recovery occurs in about 60 days, and then the animal fully recovered.

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Cojocaru I., Tanase A., Comarzan A., Muste M. M. 2015, DEEP FLEXOR TENOTOMY PARTIALLY IN EQUINE TENDON RETRACTION. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 127-130.

DEMONSTRATION OF CLUMPING FACTOR USING A SCREENING TEST IN STAPHYLOCOCCI ISOLATED FROM ANIMALS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Iulia BUCUR, Oana PETREC, D. MITRICĂ MĂRĂCINE, J. DEGI, L. FLUERAȘU

The clumping factor is a chemical compound found in the bacterial cell wall, which reacts directly with the fibrinogen, without using a plasma factor, causing the aggregation of bacterial cells in clusters with fibrin masses. The demonstration of clumping factor can be done with rapid kits containing latex particles sensitized with fibrinogen and IgG. Strains that have clumping factor or protein A, brought into contact with the kits ingredients, on a glass slide, produce an agglutination of the mixture. Research was made in order to detect the clumping factor in the staphylococci strains isolated from animals and, based on biochemical properties, were included in the following species: S. aureus ssp. aureus (82 strains), S. intermedius (114 strains), S. hycus (11 strains) and S. xylosus (12 strains). For the staphylococci strains, the clumping factor’s presence was tested with a commercial kit and the obtained results are the following: - S. aureus ssp. aureus (64 strains possessed clumping factor); - S. intermedius (79 strains possessed clumping factor); - S. hycus (the tested strains didn’t possess clumping factor); - S. xylosus (the tested strains didn’t possess clumping factor). The results show that the production of clumping factor is correlated with the species and also with the pathogenicity of the staphylococci strains.

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Bucur I., Petrec O., Mărăcine D. M., Degi J., Fluerașu L. 2015, DEMONSTRATION OF CLUMPING FACTOR USING A SCREENING TEST IN STAPHYLOCOCCI ISOLATED FROM ANIMALS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 29-31.


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