DETAILED MORPHOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE LIVER AND HEPATIC LIGAMENTS IN THE GUINEA PIG (CAVIA PORCELLUS)

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Florin Gheorghe STAN, Cristian MARTONOȘ, Cristian DEZDROBITU, Aurel DAMIAN, Alexandru GUDEA

The paper aimed to present the gross anatomy of liver and its ligaments in guinea pigs. The liver is located into intrathoracic part of abdominal cavity, having six separate lobes (right lateral, right medial, left lateral, left medial, caudate, and quadrate) but well connected one with each other. The falciform ligament which apparently divides the diaphragmatic surface of the liver in two territories –the right and left hepatic territories, was complete, being attached to the undersurface of the diaphragm and the dorsal surface of the abdominal wall at the level of the umbilicus. Its free edge contains the round ligament. The coronary ligament was well delineated being composed by an upper and a lower layer. Both the right and left triangular ligaments were present. The left triangular ligament was well developed connecting the left lateral lobe to the diaphragm. Cranial insertion of hepatorenal ligament was visualized on the ventral border of the caudate process, then run to the medial aspect of the right kidney, and to the descending loop of the duodenum. The liver is also attached to the stomach and to the duodenum by hepatogastric and hepatoduodenal ligament. A free edge of the hepatoduodenal ligament, whose cranial insertion was on the cystic duct, down along the common bile duct to be inserted on right lobe of pancreas, it was clearly visualized.

[Read full article] [Citation]

STAN F.G., MARTONOȘ C., DEZDROBITU C., DAMIAN A., GUDEA A. 2017, DETAILED MORPHOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE LIVER AND HEPATIC LIGAMENTS IN THE GUINEA PIG (CAVIA PORCELLUS). Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 35-44.

DETERMINATION OF ANTIBIOTIC RESIDUES IN HONEY USING DIFFUSIMETRIC METHODS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Valentin NICORESCU, Gabriela CIOBANU, Maria CRIVINEANU, Camelia PAPUC, Corina PREDESCU

One of the major risks resulting from the consumption of honey is the presence of drug residues, especially antibiotics, because they are widely used for treating various diseases. The study aimed to evaluate antibiotic residues in honey, in terms of quality and quantity, by diffusimetric methods. Thus, the studied antibiotics were oxytetracycline and streptomycin, and their action was studied using three bacterial strains, namely Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923. S. aureus ATCC 25923 and S. aureus ATCC 6538 strains proved to be very sensitive to oxytetracycline and streptomycin. Bacillus subtilis showed no zone of inhibition for the 4 concentrations of oxytetracycline and for all 7 concentrations of streptomycin, indicating the high degree of resistance of the bacteria to these antibiotics. The analysis of honey samples contaminated with oxytetracycline and streptomycin showed inhibition zones with radius segments that were not strictly directly proportional to the antibiotic’s concentration. In this respect, the tests carried out revealed the presence of inhibition zones even around the negative control. Both as such and diluted, honey caused the inhibition of bacterial growth, inhibition zones being directly proportional to the percentage of honey. In view of the fact that the honey itself possesses antibacterial properties, testing of honey samples in order to identify antibiotic residues cannot be achieved by microbiological methods, since there is a risk of obtaining false-positive reactions.

[Read full article] [Citation]

NICORESCU V., CIOBANU G., CRIVINEANU M., PAPUC C., PREDESCU C. 2017, DETERMINATION OF ANTIBIOTIC RESIDUES IN HONEY USING DIFFUSIMETRIC METHODS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 145-150.

DETERMINATION OF VALUES OF THE ELECTROCARDIOGRAM'S MAIN COMPONENTS REGISTERED ON CALVES AT DIFFERENT AGES

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXII, Issue 2
Written by Marian GHIȚĂ, Gabriel COTOR, Rosalie BĂLĂCEANU, Leonard George TOBĂ

This study aims to determine the values of the main components of the calf electrocardiogram (ECG), because we believe that at this age, the knowledge of these values is useful in veterinary medical decisions. Duration of the ECG components (waves, segments and intervals) provides valuable information on electrical phenomena and therefore the mechanical activity of the heart during a cardiac revolution. Also, in our study we calculated the heart rate electrocardiographic (based on R-R interval), this being the main parameter for monitoring the cardiac function. To achieve the objectives we established a group of 10 healthy calves from Romanian Black Spotted breed, to whom we recorded the electrocardiograms at different ages. Electrocardiograms were then interpreted, and the results were compared with results obtained by other authors.

[Read full article] [Citation]

GHIȚĂ M., COTOR G., BĂLĂCEANU R., TOBĂ L.G. 2016, DETERMINATION OF VALUES OF THE ELECTROCARDIOGRAM'S MAIN COMPONENTS REGISTERED ON CALVES AT DIFFERENT AGES. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 34-37.

DETOXOFICATION ADJUVANT IN THE NUTRITIONALTHERAPY OF CANCER IN DOGS AND CATS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Iulia CRÎNGANU, Raluca NEGREANU, Dan CRÎNGANU

The medical saying states " it is easier to prevent than to cure " thus there are many ways to prevent and the easiest way is with proper nutrition which can prevent , delay or even stop the development of cancers in humans and animals . Reducing risk factors with a balanced diet ( without pesticides and artificial preservatives ) , drinking clean water , adequate amounts of antioxidant supplementation with vitamins and minerals and regular physical activity can prevent cancer. Protein malnutrition is usually associated with neoplastic disease , represented by what is called neoplastic cahexie which is the result of cumulating a deficiency in terms of the amount of protein and calories associated with metabolic effects induced by cancer. The cytostatic disease is a complex of pathological syndromes induced by chemotherapy medication that affects the whole body without discrimination. The whole complex of symptoms that appear due to chemotherapy was called ,,The cytostatic disease" by analogy with the disease caused by irradiation. Cahexia as paraneoplastic syndrome overlaps metabolic and immunological effects induced by chemotherapy, the detoxification and rebuilding of the cancerous body becoming a vital goal. Administration of both conventional detox agents and unconventional therapeutic products tested on dogs and cats with various forms of cancer such as PI Water ( ionized and structured ) and deuterium depleted water or DDW. Proper nutrition and balanced protein - carbohydrate - lipid is able to prevent tumor growth but also to improve the quality and duration of life for both human and animal patients with cancer.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Crînganu I., Negreanu R., Crînganu D. 2015, DETOXOFICATION ADJUVANT IN THE NUTRITIONALTHERAPY OF CANCER IN DOGS AND CATS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 154-156.

DEVELOPMENT OF A VARIANT OF DIRECT IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE TECHNIQUE IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF PRRS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Larion FLUERAŞU, Virgilia POPA, Marius IOVĂNESCU, Viorel HERMAN, Nicolae CĂTANA

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is an infectious disease spread in intensive growth with endemic evolution and with economic significance. In Romania the disease was for the first time diagnosed in 1998 and nowadays the disease is prevalent in many farms of pigs. For detection of viral antigens were sampled lymph nodes with pathological lesions macroscopic characteristic of the PRRS, from cadavers of piglets from farms where the disease evolves, and from pigs with clinical evolution of the disease was taken oro-nasal fluid. Viral nucleocapsid antigen was detected using kit - Anti PRRSV monoclonal antibody labelled with fluorescein isothiocyanate -BIO 268. The cytoplasm of cells, infected with PRRS virus, had a brilliant greenish yellow appearance due to the presence of the viral nucleocapsid antigens coupled with monoclonal antibodies labeled with fluorescein. Epithelial cells were rare, smaller, and fluorescent appearance of the cytoplasm was very evident. In case of the oro-nasal fluid smears, in the microscopic field were highlighted cells agglomerations with highly fluorescent cytoplasm. 19/30 (63.33%) of the examined samples (lymph nodes and oro-nasal fluid) were positive, respectively, 12/30 (40%) of the lymph nodes and 7/30 (23.33%) of oro-nasal fluid. Samples of lymph nodes and oro-nasal fluid were examined also through RT-PCR in order to create a correlation between the results provided by direct immunofluorescence (DIF) and RT-PCR, regarded as the reference method. The results confirm that the DIF can be adapted but more research is required to establish the sensitivity and specificity of this method.

[Read full article] [Citation]

FLUERAŞU L., POPA V., IOVĂNESCU M., HERMAN V., CĂTANA N. 2017, DEVELOPMENT OF A VARIANT OF DIRECT IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE TECHNIQUE IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF PRRS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 53-56.

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSYS AND MULTIMODAL THERAPY IN THE NEOPLASTIC DISEASE OF THE PROSTATE IN DOGS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4
Written by Raluca NEGREANU, Dan CRINGANU, Alexandru VITALARU, Razvan NEGREANU

In order to have an early diagnosis and to apply a corect and complex treatement we have followed the evolution of this disease with 3 actions: using modern technologie, strict treatement protocol and optimized ways of administration. The protocol for the antineoplastic therapy must be decided after the corect assessment of the TNM, after the complete blood work and after the x-ray, Eco and MRI results. When choosing the chemotherapy there must also be taken in consideration the type of drug used, the path of action and the path of elimination specific to it in order to prevent the cumulative effect

[Read full article] [Citation]

Raluca NEGREANU, Dan CRINGANU, Alexandru VITALARU, Razvan NEGREANU 2013, DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSYS AND MULTIMODAL THERAPY IN THE NEOPLASTIC DISEASE OF THE PROSTATE IN DOGS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2065-1306, 63-66.

DIGESTIVE PARASITE FAUNA IN HARE (LEPUS EUROPAEUS) IN WESTERN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Florin Ştefan HORA, Narcisa MEDERLE, Corina BADEA, Elena Mihaela TILIBAŞA, Marius Stelian ILIE,Gheorghe DĂRĂBUȘ

During the period November 2013 - February 2014, 24 adult hunted hare (Lepus europaeus) from four hunting sites of Arad County were subjected necropsy. Of them, 13 were males and 11 females. The gastrointestinal mass from each was examined to determine the digestive parasites, macro- and microscopic examination were performed. Each segment of the digestive tube was sectioned, the mucosa and the gastrointestinal content were carefully examined and for the gastrointestinal mass successive washes method was used. The gastrointestinal content and also each segment of digestive tube (previously washed) were microscopically examined by stereomicroscope. The faeces found in the large intestine were examined by flotation method (Willis). Of the 24 samples examined, 21 were positive for gastrointestinal parasites, (prevalence of 87.50%). The most prevalent parasitism was with Eimeria spp., found in 17 samples (80.95 %), other parasites identified were: Cysticercus pisiformis found in two samples (9.52 %), Trichocephalus leporis in 13 samples (61, 90 %) and Trichostrongylus spp. in seven samples (33.33 %). The parasitism with gastrointestinal helminths and larval cestodes in hare represent risk factors for rabbits and domestic carnivores

[Read full article] [Citation]

Hora F. S., Mederle N., Badea C., Tilibaşa E. M., Ilie M. S., Dărăbuș G. 2015, DIGESTIVE PARASITE FAUNA IN HARE (LEPUS EUROPAEUS) IN WESTERN ROMANIA. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 138-141.

DIODE ENDOSCOPIC CYCLOPHOTOCOAGULATION IN VETERINARY OPHTHALMOLOGY

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Adina BĂDICU, Iuliana IONAȘCU, Alin BÎRȚOIU

Endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) is a relatively new method of cyclodestruction in the treatment of glaucoma, by lowering IOP through aqueous suppression. Although the coagulation of the ciliary processes using laser is well documented, this new endoscopic approach has numerous benefits comparing to the transscleral cyclophotocoagulation. The paper aims to present a review of the indications, techniques and efficacy of diode ECP. ECP uses a diode laser equipped with an endoscope which permits direct localization and photocoagulation of the ciliary processes. The procedure can be combined with phacoemulsification in patients with coexisting cataract. Other indications of diode endolaser are iridal mass, ciliary body neoplasia, uveal cysts and retinopexy in retinal detachment cases. The available clinical evidence reviewed suggest that ECP is a safe and effective procedure in veterinary ophthalmology.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Bădicu A., Ionașcu I., Bîrțoiu A. 2015, DIODE ENDOSCOPIC CYCLOPHOTOCOAGULATION IN VETERINARY OPHTHALMOLOGY. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 88-91.

DYNAMICS OF BIRD POPULATIONS ON THE SACALIN ISLAND - DANUBE DELTA

Sacalin Island is an area of major importance because it is situated in the path of one of the most important bird’s migration routes in the world, covering three continents: Asia, Europe and Africa, the route with a great abundance and biodiversity of avifauna including sedentary species, passage species, and summer and winter guest species. In order to demonstrate the necessity of preserving this area and to establish the biodiversity of ornithological fauna, this article presents the results obtained from the data collection in a period of 6 years and analyzed in terms of the status, abundance and biodiversity of birds, highlighting the need to protect this habitats. Our result showed that the birds collected form Sacalin Island belonging to a wide variety of birds including 17 orders, 46 families and 201 species; 53% of the total of 382 bird species identified in our country. The frequency of bird populations in relation with biogeographic regions during winter and vernal season showed that the dominant species are the species typical for Palearctic regions. By analysis of trophic level, our results showed that there is a definite dominance of insectivore species (72%), followed by carnivore (9%), omnivore (5%) insectivore – larvivore (4%), and larvivore (2%) species. Summarizing all the results it is clearly that Sacalin Island should maintained the strictly protected area status; here are present 85% of strictly protected bird’s species.

ECOSANOGENESIS AND ECOPATOLOGY IN RELATION OF ANTHROPOZOONOTIC AGENTS IN CONTEXT OF BIOSAFETY

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Iudith IPATE, Alexandru BOGDAN, Simona IVANA, Nicolae IPATE, Lucian ALECU, Janos SEREGI, Janos TOSSENBERGER

An anthropozoonotic agent whose circulation is mainly determined affects the food complex managerial concerns. In the last 10 years Romania reported over 788,000 foods borne illness associated. The cost of medical therapies has increased considerably as determined by laboratory investigations for accurate etiological required. New rules were adopted security strategy taking into account the movement of aggressive agents and their potential contaminating the food. The pragmatic complex factors of ecosanogenesis contributing to the interdisciplinary vision in relation: human - product – nature. Redesigning techniques and technology, and management will lead to gradual replacement of the current economic guidelines with other levers that converge for example by minimal pollution, but also to the prices of raw materials and stimulating savings, reduction of energy consumption etc. Meeting the nutritional and sanitary quality requirements must adapt to new regulations to ensure consumer prerequisite – compliance. Enhancing food movement - national, regional, global - through trade creates new opportunities contaminant level amplification and diversification of pathogens.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Ipate I., Bogdan A., Ivana S., Ipate N., Alecu L., Seregi J., Tossenberger J. 2015, ECOSANOGENESIS AND ECOPATOLOGY IN RELATION OF ANTHROPOZOONOTIC AGENTS IN CONTEXT OF BIOSAFETY. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 214-219.


The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.
© 2012 Scientific Papers. C Series. Veterinary Medicine. All Rights Reserved. To be cited: Scientific Papers. C Series. Veterinary Medicine
Powered by INTEL TECH DEVELOPMENT.