COMPARATIVE STUDY ON YIELD QUALITY OF GRAIN LEGUMES PROMOTED BY ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Alina Maria IONESCU, Maria TOADER, Mirela Elena DUȘA, Emil GEORGESCU

This paper presents the results of the research on the yield quality of some grain legumes (lentil, faba bean, chickpea, fenugreek, mung bean and adzuki bean) promoted by organic agriculture. In order to determine the quality of grain legumes, there were analysed several physical indicators, such as the thousand grain weigh (TGW), the hectolitre mass (MH), the moisture content (%) and chemical indicators, such as the protein content (% d.m.), the carbohydrates content (%), the fat content (% d.m.), the ash content (%). The seeds energetic value (Kcal.%) was calculated as well. In order to determine the TGW, 8 samples of 100 seeds were weighed, while to determine the MH, the Hectolitre Measuring System - Chondrometer, with a capacity of 0.5 l, was used. The following methods were used for the determination of the biochemical compounds of seeds: for carbohydrates - the Bertrand method; for proteins - the Kjeldahl method; for fats - the Soxhlet method and for ash - the Spectrophotometer method. On average, the chemical composition of these crops was the following: for lentil - 22.50% proteins, 2.81% fats, 63.56% carbohydrates, 3.95% ash, and an energetic value of 358.47 kcal.; for faba bean - 21.60% proteins, 4.45% fats, 63.90% carbohydrates, 5.90% ash, and an energetic value of 366.77 kcal; for chickpea - 21.19% proteins, 4.30% fats, 56.17% carbohydrates, 3,31% ash, and an energetic value of 356.16 kcal; for feenugreek - 21.24% proteins, 4.66% fats, 63.81% carbohydrates, 5.71% ash, and an energetic value of 360.58 kcal.; for mung bean - 23.23% proteins, 2.08% fats, 68.09% carbohydrates, 3.88% ash, and an energetic value of 362.89 kcal.; for adzuki bean- 21.9% proteins, 2.6% fats, 69.3%carbohydrates, 4.1% ash, and an energetic value of 361.14 kcal. The nutritional value results for these grain legumes highlighted the very special role that they should play in the development of biodiversity as well as in the diversification of human and animal feeding.

[Read full article] [Citation]

IONESCU A.M., TOADER M., DUȘA M.E., GEORGESCU E. 2017, COMPARATIVE STUDY ON YIELD QUALITY OF GRAIN LEGUMES PROMOTED BY ORGANIC AGRICULTURE. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 141-144.

COMPARATIVE THERAPIES IN KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA IN DOGS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Georgiana DUŢU, Adina ARGĂSEALĂ, Lia ION, Emilia CIOBOTARU, Iuliana IONAȘCU

The study aimed to present the importance of the proper treatment in Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca in dogs depending on the evolution stage, approaching all the phases. It highlights the necessity of an urgent and accurate treatment in order to avoid blindness. The study is based on the clinical activity of The Department of Surgery from The Faculty Of Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, during 18 months. During the analyzed period were evaluated 472 dogs with keratoconjunctivitis Sicca, divided in three groups according to the evolutive stage. The treatment used the following products: for the first phase, artificial tear products based on hialuronic acid and carbomers such as HyCare®, Vidisic® and Xanternet®; for the second phase were used artificial tear products and cyclosporine 2% and for the third phase the treatment consisted in eye drops with prednisolone and ointment with tacrolimus. The healing process was complete in 4 to 24 weeks depending on the perseverance of the owner in administrating the treatment and the severity of the disease.

[Read full article] [Citation]

DUŢU G., ARGĂSEALĂ A., ION L., CIOBOTARU E., IONAȘCU I. 2017, COMPARATIVE THERAPIES IN KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA IN DOGS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 49-52.

COMPARISON OF BENIGN AND MALIGNANT MAMMARY TUMORS IN DOGS THROUGH RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY: TWO CLINICAL CASES

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Raluca M. MUNTEANU, L.O. SCOICARU, Manuella MILITARU, Elvira GAGNIUC, Catalin MICSA, Dorin TOGOE, Alexandru B. VITALARU, M.I. RUSU, M. TAUTAN, B. CHIRICUTA, M. V. UDREA, Alexandru SONEA, C-E-A. GRIGORESCU, Alin I. BIRTOIU

This paper reports on two clinical cases where Raman spectroscopy has been employed for diagnostic in dog mammary tumour surgery. The comparison between histopathology and SERS results proves that the spectral markers can be used to distinguish between malignant or normal tissue. By comparing results from histopathology and Raman spectroscopy we set up a fast and affordable diagnostic tool using the marker-like Raman bands of carotenoids and respectively interfacial water. Application of the described technique is useful in comparative studies of canine and human mammary cancer.

[Read full article] [Citation]

MUNTEANU R.M., SCOICARU L.O., MILITARU M., GAGNIUC E., MICSA C., TOGOE D., VITALARU A.B., RUSU M.I., TAUTAN M., CHIRICUTA B., UDREA M.V., SONEA A., GRIGORESCU C-E-A., BIRTOIU A.I. 2017, COMPARISON OF BENIGN AND MALIGNANT MAMMARY TUMORS IN DOGS THROUGH RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY: TWO CLINICAL CASES. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 85-90.

CONFIRMATORY METHOD OF RESORCYLIC ACID LACTONES IN URINE AND TISSUE BY LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY

This paper presents a liquid-chromatography negative ion electrospray tandem mass-spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to determine resorcylic acid lactones (RALs) in urine, muscle, fish, liver and kidney samples. The method comprises an extraction step followed by the clean-up of the samples in two steps using SPE cartridges: C18 Chromabond and Strata Amino from Phenomenex. The RALs were separated on a Pursuit C18 column. in isocratic mode with acetonitril/ 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution. The time for analysis was 12 minutes. A triple quadrupole mass spectrometric from Varian equipped with a ESI source in the multiple reaction monitoring was used for detection. The method was developed according to EU legislation and the parameters assessed were: selectivity, specificity, linearity, recovery, repeatability, within-laboratory reproducibility, decision limit (CC), and detection capability (CC), ruggedness, control chart, uncertainty of measurement. The validation was performed at 1μg/kg for each compound. CC and CC values were 0.16-0.79 micro g/kg and the range of mean recoveries were 72.2-119.7% depending of the compound. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of the measurements was below 20%.The method is used to analyze samples originating from the Romanian Residue Control Monitoring Program or private samples. The main purpose of this method is the detection, quantification and confirmation of 6 RAL’s in urine and tissue.

CONGENITAL PERITONEOPERICARDIAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA (PPDH) IN A MIXED BREED DOG

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Andrei Constantin STOIAN, Teodoru SOARE, Iulia Alexandra PARASCHIV, Laura Mihaela DUMITRU, Emilia CIOBOTARU, Gabriel PREDOI

Congenital pericardial diseases are rare in dogs and cats and most part of them were reported as incidental findings on radiography or necropsy examinations. In this case report, a definitive diagnosis of congenital peritoneo-pericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) in a three year old male mixed breed dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is described. The dog was referred in relatively shock status with a history of anorexia, dyspnea, cough, abdominal distension, progressive weight loss, but died after conservative treatment was applied. At necropsy examination, a cranial displacement of abdominal viscera (portion of right hepatic lobe) into the pericardial sac was observed, while the pleural space was intact. Supplementary, another dog from the same nest/littermates (3-year-old female), which died in identical conditions was submitted for postmortem investigations and showed no congenital abnormalities.

[Read full article] [Citation]

STOIAN A.C., SOARE T., PARASCHIV I.A., DUMITRU L.M., CIOBOTARU E., PREDOI G. 2017, CONGENITAL PERITONEOPERICARDIAL DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA (PPDH) IN A MIXED BREED DOG. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 127-132.

CONTRIBUTIONS OVER THE ANATOMY OF PRIMITIVE AORTA AND ITS MAIN BRANCHES IN SWINE

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4
Written by Flaviu TUNS, Alina IURCUT, Ioana CHIRILEAN, Alexandra BLENDEA, Aurel DAMIAN

Previous studies performed in human and swine regarding the segment of ascending aorta and aortic arch identified several differences that referred to the presence and number of aortic collaterals in this region. Other studies mention the intraspecific differences in humans that refer to the way in which the aortic branches and even to their number. Due to the numerous similitudes of the cardiovascular system between humans and swine, we choose this specie to study the intraspecific variations regarding the aortic branches. The objective of this paper was to realize a comprehensive study of the swine aorta, in its initial part, namely the aortic arch, to highlight its systematization and to describe its branches and their count. To highlight the potential particularities found in the initial part of aorta we initially dissected the arteries and then injected them with latex mixed with red pigment to obtain a better view of the blood vessels. The process of latex injection was made by two ways: through the left ventricle and through the abdominal aorta. Following injection, the biological material was fixed in 2% formalin for 48 hours. Through dissection we observed that aorta presents several specie peculiarities in swine. We did not find any intraspecific differences regarding the primitive aorta or aortic arch. The particularities that were found are characteristic to the specie and refer to the presence of an aortic bulb with a calibre similar to that of the aortic arch; the presence of sigmoid valves that were well developed; the absence of the ascending aorta in swine. We also found a left subclavian artery more developed then the one from the right side.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Flaviu TUNS, Alina IURCUT, Ioana CHIRILEAN, Alexandra BLENDEA, Aurel DAMIAN 2013, CONTRIBUTIONS OVER THE ANATOMY OF PRIMITIVE AORTA AND ITS MAIN BRANCHES IN SWINE. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2065-1302, 44-50.

CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE ANATOMOPATHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS IN MALABSORBTION SYNDROME FROM BROILERS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4
Written by PETREC OANA, BUCUR IULIA, FLUERASU L., STANCU A.

Avian reovirosis are contagious infection diseases found in broiler chickens and turkeys, raised in intensive sistem. The brolier carcasses were biweekly necropsied , which were collected from two herds in which the disease developed. The presence of malabsorbtion syndrome was confirmed by RT-PCR and ELISA test. At the necropsied chickens were found following macroscopic lesions: deformed feather wings, underdeveloped bones, deformations coasts, necrosis of the femoral head and proventriculitis. Histological lesions present in the proventriculus, small intestine and liver, disrupting the digestion process of feedingstuffs, that explaining the clinical evolution and failure spore by weight in broiler chickens, and histological lesions present in stock Fabricius explains the immunosuppression phenomenon existing in these chickens.

[Read full article] [Citation]

PETREC OANA, BUCUR IULIA, FLUERASU L., STANCU A. 2013, CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE ANATOMOPATHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS IN MALABSORBTION SYNDROME FROM BROILERS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 2065-1318, 117-118.

CORRELATION BETWEEN CLINICAL SIGNS AND DIFFERENT LABORATORY INVESTIGATIONS IN DOGS DIAGNOSED WITH LEPTOSPIROSIS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Radu CONSTANTINESCU, Victor CRIVINEANU, Gheorghe GORAN, Doina DANEȘ, Dorin ȚOGOE, Mario Darius CODREANU

Leptospirosis represents a scattered zoonosis determined by antigenically distinct serovars of Leptospira interrogans, a sporadic bacterial disease which causes severe clinical illness in dogs and humans. Leptospira thrive directly within hosts, dogs and humans, and reservoirs hosts, rodents, and indirectly within the environment. Leptospirosis is an odd disease, with a large variety of symptomatology, or, in some cases, shows no signs or symptoms at all. That can be explained by the dog's organism defense mechanisms against infection. Although, in other cases, the disease may be life threatening. Even when symptoms and signs are quite specific, in order to confirm the diagnosis it is compulsory to perform laboratory tests, such as dark-field microscopy examination (DFM) and microscopic agglutination test (MAT). In this study we highlighted the request to link the clinical history with the clinical signs and paraclinical specific tests. The purpose of this paper is to show how to relate the results of different test with the clinical stage of the illness.

[Read full article] [Citation]

Constantinescu R., Crivineanu V., Goran G., Daneș D., Țogoe D., Codreanu M. D. 2015, CORRELATION BETWEEN CLINICAL SIGNS AND DIFFERENT LABORATORY INVESTIGATIONS IN DOGS DIAGNOSED WITH LEPTOSPIROSIS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI, ISSN 2065-1295, 187-191.

CORRELATION BETWEEN DURATION OF GAS ANESTHESIA WITH ISOFLURANE AND THE REDUCTION OF TEAR PRODUCTION IN GERIATRIC PATIENTS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Ruxandra TUDOR, Ruxandra COSTEA, Andra DEGAN, Gabriel PREDOI

This study was performed in order to investigate the correlation between duration of gas anaesthesia with isoflurane and the reduction of tear production in geriatric patients. The study was conducted on 15 dogs (8 males and 7 females, ages between 9 and 14 years old) that were presented at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest between September – October 2016. Preanesthetic examination was performed according to ASA status (American Society of Anesthesiologists). Patients premedication was made with Midazolam 0.2 mg/kg and Butorphanol 0.2 mg/kg injected intramuscularly (IM) or intravenously (IV). All dogs were intubated, induction was made with Propofol 4-6 mg/kg IV and maintenance was performed with Isoflurane. All patients had Schirmer Tear Test (STT) readings taken prior to intubation and immediately after the isoflurane was turned off. All dogs that were under isoflurane anaesthesia for less than 30 minutes had a slight reduction of tear production compared with those that exceeded 30 minutes in which it was noticed a drastic decrease in tear production. From the total of 15 dogs: 3 dogs that were under isoflurane anaesthesia for less than 30 minutes had a final STT of 15 mm/min +/- 3 mm/min compared with those in which anaesthesia time exceeded 30-40 minutes where the final STT was 5 +/- 3 mm/min.

[Read full article] [Citation]

TUDOR R., COSTEA R., DEGAN A., PREDOI G. 2017, CORRELATION BETWEEN DURATION OF GAS ANESTHESIA WITH ISOFLURANE AND THE REDUCTION OF TEAR PRODUCTION IN GERIATRIC PATIENTS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 136-142.

CORRELATIONS BETWEEN HEART RATE AND LACTIC ACID DURING SUBMAXIMAL EXERCISE IN DOG

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1
Written by Florin LECA, Ana-Simina MIHAI, Nicolae DOJANA

Five healthy Golden Retrievers aged from 1.5 to 3 years old, three males and two females, were studied during a normal “playing” time considered as submaximal exercise, under ordinary circumstances, preserving the usual routine (location, normal weather conditions, to the same group). From the medical history, it was excluded previous symptoms as fatigue or other cardiac related symptoms based on subjective observations. Each individual heart rate was measured ten minutes intervals, during 60 minutes exercises, using a heart rate monitor device. Blood lactate was measured with fast strip, at the beginning and at the end of the test. The results showed that heart rate was normal in 4 cases, ranging between 101 and 173 beats per minute( bpm), and abnormal in one dog reaching the maximal heart rate during a submaximal test, with four consecutive values between 215 and 245 bpm. The lactate values were normal for all the subjects, at the end of the test, none of the dogs achieving the superior lactate threshold. After performing a cardiac examination in all five subjects (including Doppler echocardiography and Holter electrocardiogram), a good correlation was observed between heart rate values of the dog that reached maximal heart rate and a suspicion of a cardiac problem (preclinical case of dilated cardiomyopathy), but no evidence of altered or a raise in blood lactate under this submaximal test.

[Read full article] [Citation]

LECA F., MIHAI A.S., DOJANA N. 2017, CORRELATIONS BETWEEN HEART RATE AND LACTIC ACID DURING SUBMAXIMAL EXERCISE IN DOG. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 119-122.


The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.
© 2012 Scientific Papers. C Series. Veterinary Medicine. All Rights Reserved. To be cited: Scientific Papers. C Series. Veterinary Medicine
Powered by INTEL TECH DEVELOPMENT.