PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Marius Stelian ILIE, Kalman IMRE, Mirela IMRE, Ionela Denisa SORESCU, Ionela HOTEA, Sidonia ANDREI, Florin HORA, Corina BADEA, Sorin MORARIU, Gheorghe DĂRĂBUȘ

In this study, the gastrointestinal parasites and prevalence of infestation in the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), were investigated at the laboratory of Parasitology of Veterinary Medicine Faculty Timisoara. During period December 2011 - January 2012, 20 red foxes from 12 hunting grounds of Arad County were necropsied. Animals were killed by shooting for establishing the effectiveness of rabies vaccination. Faecal samples and gastrointestinal masses were collected and examined for parasites. The presence of endoparasites was detected in 12 of 20 samples, and overall prevalence was 60%. Of the examined samples poliparasitism was observed in 10 (50%), and monoparasitism in 2 (10%). There were no significant differences between sex groups and intensity value. Male and female red foxes were infected with five genera from three classes of parasites: fluke - Alaria alata (40%), tapeworm (55%) - unidentified tapeworm (10%), Taenia taenieformis (10%), Taenia hydatigena (15%), Mesocestoides lineatus (40%), Taenia pisiformis (15%), roundworm (30%) - Ancylostoma spp., (25%), Pterygodermatites affinis (5%).

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Anca BULGARU, Poliana TUDOR

Although in our country the majority of the horse population is still located in the rural areas, where they are used mostly for their traction power, an increase in the horse industry can be observed in and near the major cities where horses are being raised as animals for sport, entertainment and recreation. In such modern holdings, significant efforts are being made to reduce the prevalence of helminth parasite infestation in these valuable animals. However, despite anthelmintic control strategies and prophylactic methods, parasite exposure can’t be entirely avoided. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of helminth species in well-conditioned horses raised in modern holdings, with limited exposure to infestation sources. Between August and December of 2014, fecal samples were collected from a number of 154 horses. Out of these samples, 28.57% were positive for parasitic infestation. Among helminthes found, the prevalence of Parascaris spp. was 3.89% and the prevalence of Strongylidae was 27.92%, these two being the only genres identified.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Alexandra Mihaela POPA, Valentina SIMION, Iuliana CODREANU, Cristina FERNOAGĂ, Mihai CORNILĂ, Mario CODREANU

This paper briefly reviews the basic definitions of hematuria, the common causes and the prevalence of this simptom on dogs and cats. This study was conducted in the Clinic of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in the period between 1.10. 2016 – 1.02.2017 using IDEXX UA dipstick, IDEXX VetLab UA, Refractometer RHCN-200ATC and Grant Bio PCV- 2400 Combined Centrifuge. Data collected recorded 65 animals, with felines obtaining a precentage of 42% and canine 28% in regard of hematuria prevlance by species. In case of hematuria prevalence based on gender we registered 62% males and 38% females. In hematuria prevalence by age we listed 32% of animales cu age range between 6-10 years, 31% with 1-5 years, and also 31% over 10 years, and 6% less than a year. From a total of 51 rinary dipstick who tested positive, we discovered on the examination of urine sediment that 46 samples confirms, and 5 samples offered a false - positive. Of the 71 samples analyzed 76% were within the macroscopic hematuria and 24% to microscopic hematuria, and 28% of the samples showed no hematuria. As a conlcusion hematuria is a common finding of urological pathology and it is important to known the risk factors of every species.

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Lameness in dairy cows represents one of the most serious animal welfare problems. Monitoring on-farm lameness prevalence is important for dairy producers and veterinarians in their efforts to reduce lameness. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of lame dairy cows assessed by locomotion score and estimated by farmers. For the onfarm lameness assessment a five point locomotion score was used. A number of 751 dairy cows were assessed in the cold season in 10 Transylvanian dairy farms. The results were statistically processed using the SPSS software, version 17. Out of 751 assessed cows 33.49% presented normal locomotion; 40.38% presented slight lameness; 18.03% were moderately lame; 5.17% were lame and 2.93% presented severe lameness. The prevalence of lameness established using the locomotion score varied from 4.76% to 68% (median 23.38%), and that estimated by the farmers ranged between 0 and 15% (median 7.50%). There were statistically significant differences (P<0.05) between the prevalence of lameness assessed using the locomotion score and that estimated by the farmers. It follows from the findings of this study that the dairy farmers are not aware about the locomotion problems of their cows.

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Zoriţa Maria COCORA, Ludovic Toma CZISZTER, Ioan ŢIBRU

Salmonellosis is one of the most reported zoonotic diseases, constituting a major problem worldwide. In the interests of sound management of this zoonosis, attributed to the consumption of meat and pork products, control measures must be taken simultaneously at all levels of production from farm to consumer. The purpose of this study was to identify the carrier status of Salmonella spp. starting with analyzing the fat pigs before slaughter, and analyzing each stage of the process flow within the slaughterhouse. In order to identify the Salmonella carrier status 50 samples were collected from faeces in the pig farm and 50 samples from the different technological processes within the slaughterhouse, starting from pigs reception to chilling. Samples were analyzed by classical method SR EN ISO 6579: 2003 / AC: 2007. The following results were obtained: the Salmonella spp. load of the faecal samples collected from pigs before slaughter was 67% (33/50, while after transportation of pigs to the slaughterhouse, at reception the load was 73%. In the slaughterhouse, it was found that the load varied at each checkpoint of the process flow. Interpreting the results obtained in each checkpoint in the slaughterhouse and making comparisons between them, differences of Salmonella spp. load that ranged from 100% before slaughtering to 12.5% after carcass refrigeration were found. It was concluded that carriers pigs are a carcass contamination source, because they cannot be identified at the time of their reception in the slaughterhouse, and to be able to control the level of contamination of carcasses, control measures should be applied at farm level and compliance with the HACCP principles during the technological flow in the slaughterhouse should be followed.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXII, Issue 1
Written by Ahmet Onder USTUNDAG, Yakup Onur KOCA, Mursel OZDOGAN

Food safety continues to be an important issue to the prevention of foodborne illness outbreaks. Animal feed is the beginning of the food safety chain. However, animal feeds can be contaminated with undesirable substances such as dioxins, mycotoxins, heavy metals, pesticides and veterinary drugs at any time during the processing, storage and dispersal. These substance can be transmitted through the food chain to humans and cause human foodborne illness. Therefore, must be paid attention to the absolute safety of feed for animals and consumer. The purpose of this paper is to review the contaminants that can be found in feeds.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIV, Issue 1
Written by N. CĂTANA, Iulia BUCUR, Corina PASCU, V. HERMAN

In the last years, an increasing attention is paid to methicillin-resistant staphylococci, isolated from animals, regardless of the species they are included in. The circulation of methicillin-resistant staphylococci strains is monitored by phenotypic laboratory techniques or with several chromogenic media. The frequency of methicillin-resistant strains was pursued on 412 strains included in S. aureus subsp. aureus and other species from the "non-S. aureus" group, based on phenotypic characters. Using the disc-diffusion method with methicillin, oxacillin and cefoxitin, 210 strains resistant to methicillin were identified and poured into a chromogenic medium named ChromaticTM MRSA. On this medium, S. aureus subsp. aureus strains resistant to at least one of the three antibiotics, formed purple to purpleorange colonies and the “non-S. aureus” strains formed white or blue colonies. All S. aureus subsp. aureus strains on this medium were methicillin-resistant, results identical to the disc-diffusion method ones. 146 “non-S. aureus” strains formed white or blue colonies, considered as methicillin-resistant, while 6 strains did not grow on this medium.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIV, Issue 1
Written by Cătălin MICȘA, Andrei TĂNASE, Alexandra PETEOACĂ, Andreea ISTRATE, Kassem HOUSHAIMY, Alexandru SONEA

Background: Larvae of Rhinoestruspurpureus (Diptera: Oestridae) are known to cause nasal myiasis in domestic and wild animals such as equines, giraffes and rhinos, and can also affect humans. Case description: This paper report the case of a 4-year-old Thoroughbred breed horse that was admitted in the veterinary hospital of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Perugia, Italy. The horse was presented with inflammation of the nasal cavities causing dyspnoea, sneezing, coughing and typical nasal discharge. Methods: A flexible endoscope was used to check the nasal cavities of the horse and the presence of parasitic larvae was determined inside. After the parasitological examination, the larvae found was identified as Rhinoestruspurpureus. Results: Clinical signs were resolved within 6 days after 3 intranasally endoscopic administrations of Clotrimazol, increasing the outcome due to local administration of the substance of choice. Conclusion: This case report reveals the fact that flexible endoscope can be used for a better diagnosis and treatment.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXII, Issue 2
Written by Ildikó BARABÁSI, Viorica CHIURCIU, Constantin CHIURCIU, Laurenţiu OGNEAN

We studied the clinical and hematological changes of 18 dogs from admission day (T0) until 5 days post-transfusion (5 days after the last administered transfusion), as well as hematocrit changes 6 hours post-transfusion therapy with erythrocyte concentrate. This research took place in a period of 6 months in 2014 in a small animal clinic from Germany. Most of the patients have been diagnosed with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (n=11), 2 with rodenticide poisoning, 1 with babesiosis, 1 with hemangiosarcoma, 1 with septic peritonitis, 1 with idiopathic hepathopathy and 1 with hypothyroidism. The 18 patients received a total of 30 transfusions with erythrocyte concentrate in a mean dose of 11.46 ml/kg. Of the 30 transfusions, 6 reached the calculated hematocrit rise 6 hours post-transfusion, 2 had a higher than expected value and 22 did not reach the expected value. The hematocrit value 6 hours post-transfusion was statistically extremely significant (p<0.0001). We have observed positive changes in all hematological parameters 5 days after the transfusion therapy of which 3 have been statistically significant. The red blood cell count underwent a statistically very significant (p=0.0052) change, as has the hemoglobin level (p=0.0085). The hematocrit level had a statistically extremely significant change (p=0.0002) from the admission day until day 5 post-transfusion.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Ileana PĂUNESCU, Andrei MARMANDIU, Ioana PĂUNESCU

Currently, exotic birds have a high demand on the market; requiring care in general not too complicated, birds are a good choice for animal lovers, especially children. This paper presents the treatments carried out in diseases found in canaries, Amazon parrots, Agapornis (lovebird), parakeets, nymphs, Australian zebras. The study was partially conducted in a singing canaries farm located in Voluntari, Ilfov County; the farm includes 250 birds, grouped by age, sex and physiological status. The second part of the study was performed in Clinics of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, by examining the cage birds that presented to consultation. Bacterial diseases were the most commonly found in canaries - a respiratory infection and 3 cases of bacterial enteritis. Antibiotherapy with Adeno-Coli-Mix product (amoxicillin, colistin sulphate, nitrofurazone) has been successfully used in canaries diagnosed with colibacilosis. In the 2 cases of cage birds diagnosed with enteritis, Enroxil product was used. Traumatic disorders caused by accidents inside the cage disappeared after implementing measures of birds’ insulation into smaller spaces in order to avoid additional effort and drug therapy with Metacam. Stress disorders and nutritional deficiencies were represented by feathers consumption, massive moulting and a case of stress adaptation; therapy aimed at correcting the diet and supplementation with vitamin products.

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