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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Valentin NICORESCU, Alexandra NEAGU, Maria CRIVINEANU, Camelia PAPUC, Corina PREDESCU

Nowadays, veterinarian’s activity takes place in a highly dynamic and changing environment; thus, the managers of economic units having as main activity the sale of veterinary products should have leadership and organizational qualities that allow them to develop a successful business in a competitive environment. The purpose of this study was to highlight the main aspects related to veterinary pharmaceutical units supply, and the manner in which price management is done. The study was conducted in 25 veterinary pharmaceutical units (pharmacies and pharmaceutical points) in Bucharest and consisted of a market survey in order to identify the factors that influence supply, the criteria by which suppliers are selected, rhythm and mode of supply, as well as aspects related to stocks’ management and control, pricing criteria, markup and its influencing factors. The results showed that the supply of veterinary pharmaceutical units is typically performed daily or weekly and is influenced by season, prices and profitable offers from suppliers. In an overwhelming percentage, veterinary pharmaceutical units’ stocks are electronically managed by using software that facilitates staff’s work, and most of the surveyed veterinary pharmaceutical units keep a safety stock. The most important factors that influence price levels are mainly represented by the competition, discounts, offers and benefits from suppliers, and the most common markup for veterinary pharmaceutical units is between 20-50%. Following the studies, it was concluded that modern management and marketing principles related to the supply, stocks and prices are properly applied in the surveyed veterinary pharmaceutical units

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIV, Issue 1
Written by Adrian OLARIU-JURCA, Valentin CIULAN, Atila GÁL, Marius Stelian ILIE, Tijana SUICI, Liliana Elena TESLICI

The aim of this study is to highlight the macroscopic and especially the microscopic tissular and organic lesions of the sheep bodies in order to establish the histopathological diagnosis of fasciolosis. The study was conducted in the period February 2015-April 2017. Nineteen sheep bodies were necropsied. The sheep were aged from 7 months to 3 years andwere from the breeds Turcana and Tigaie. Seven of the cases presented hepatic lesions at the necropsy exam expressed through diffuse hepatitis and interstitial fibrous hepatitis (pseudo-cirrhosis). At the necropsy exam, along with the hepatic lesions we highlighted the presence of Fasciola Hepatica in a very high number. The hepatic modification caused by Fasciola hepatica in the sheep taken into study are complex both in morphopathological shape and in extent being expressed through circulatory modifications, hypertrophy, dystrophy and lymphohistiocytic , eosinophilic and especially fibrous inflammation. The wide range of morphological modifications of the liver parenchyma, which appear in the pathological process end in liver fibrosis and pseudocirrhosis in sheep with repeated infestations. They always end up in death even though we apply repeated treatments with fasciolides. This is the reason why this disease is considered one of the most serious parasitic diseases for this animal species.

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The authors demonstrated the effect of deuterium depleted water (DDW) with a concentration of 60 ppm to be a very good inhibitor of the neoplastic cell proliferation in outbred Wistar rats inoculated with two strains of the highest tumor aggressiveness (Walker 256 and T8 Guérin). For this experiment were organized groups, in equal parts by sex of outbread Wistar rats, with an average weight of 100g, which were established both control groups and experimental groups. Through the experiment, animals were monitored in anatomoclinical terms. Laboratory tests were executed periodically, especially cytomorphological. Dead animals were subjected to a careful pathological examination. It is well known that high malignant Walker 256 and T8 Guérin tumour strains develop a solid, ulcerated subcutaneous cancer, after an incubation of 5-6 days. The reproductibility of this type of cancer is of 95%. Therefore the death of the rats occurs within a short period of 40-60 days. The cumulative effect of DDW 60 ppm on the rats grafted with Walker 256 and T8 Guérin strains was about 28-30 %. This percentage comprises both the animals in which the effect of primary reject of the tumour graft was noticed and the healing effect after an important development of the tumour.

Hypothesis universally accepted as the most likely route of infection with ESB appeared due to the consume of the animal by-products which are not intended for human consumption that contained prion protein derivative - infected led to ban the feeding of farmed animals with processed animal protein (PAP) that focused primarily feed for ruminants and later expanded to all feed for all farm animals. Entry into force of the ban on the use of the processed animal proteins (PAP) in feed for farmed animals and especially in ruminants is considered an important measure of prophylaxis to prevent BSE so the identification and the microscopic estimation of the constituents of animal origin became the official method and mandatory in all Member States. The microscopic analysis depends upon the identification of the hsitological characters macro-and microscopic structural of the processed animal tissue added in feed mixtures.To identify the microscopic animal constituents, some technical conditions are essential: optical microscope, stereo microscope, high-density solvent (chloroform or tetrachloroethane) clarifying agents (phenol-glycerol, paraffin), microscope with digital visual images support as decision support . The method allows the identification of bone fragments, muscle tissue, hair, feathers, shell fragments and plant and mineral components. Nowadays four different approaches are applied to control the compliance on the prohibition of feeding with PAP: microscopic analysis, immunological analysis, infrared spectroscopy and microscopy (NIR), polymerization chain reaction (PCR). In this stage, the microscopic method is the only method validated and able to identify the nature of the animal in feed components with detection limit of <0.1%, but it cannot accurately detect the species of origin.

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 4
Written by Al. NEAGU, Poliana TUDOR, C. VLAGIOIU

The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of endoparasitic infestation in dogs. The study was performed on 155 samples of dog feces collected from dogs in households in Moreni – Dambovita area during the period July 2012 to June 2013. After microscopic examination, a prevalence of 72,25 % (112/155) was established, with identification of the following species: Ancylostoma caninum 60,71 % (68/112), Trichocephalus vulpis 45,53 % (51/112), Uncinaria stenocephala 23,21 % (26 /112), Toxocara canis 8,92 % (10/155), Toxocara leonine 7,14 % (8/155). In 61.60 % (69/112) of positive cases one parasitic species was indentified and in 38,39 % (43 /112) two parasitic species were indentified.The investigation had shown a high prevalence of endoparasitic infestation in dogs, studied area indicating a potential zoonotic risk.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Lucian-Ionel ILIE, Ovidiu SAVU, Manuella MILITARU

The correlation between food and the population health, they have led to an increasing demand for the chicken and chicken products, as a possible successfully alternative to the dissatisfactions offered by other food categories. In this study, the samples were collected from chicken, which were administered various veterinary products based on antibiotics, as a treatment of different diseases. The chickens they were slaughtered after the waiting period mentioned by the manufacturer in the leaflet. The samples were represented by muscles, liver, kidney and gastrointestinal mass and they were analyzed for levels of oxytetracycline, chlortetracycline and tetracycline. After the results integration, the samples analysis has not revealed the presence of these compounds. The study confirmed the need to use the antibiotics only for therapeutic purposes and to having the obligation to complying the time waiting to remove the active substance from the chicken body.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Andreea Elena GEORGESCU, Iuliana IONAŞCU, Constantin VLĂGIOIU

Prolapse of the third eyelid occurs most commonly in dogs. The purpose of this paper was to describe the surgery reduction of everted, ectopic cartilage and prolapse of the third eyelid in a family of three Basset Hounds, in order to reposition it in anatomical position. All of these dogs presented third eyelid congenital anomalies, and one of them had a relapse after first surgery was done. A family of three Basset Hounds, two female and one male, six months old, presented at the Ophthalmology Department of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Bucharest. All three patients presented very thin and in excess conjunctiva on the outer surface of the third eyelid and ectopic everted cartilage. One patient had previously surgical correction and had a relapse of prolapsed third eyelid. We used combined surgical techniques for each patient. While in the first two patients the surgical correction of the everted cartilage was performed approaching the conjunctiva on the outer surface of the third eyelid, in the third one the approach was done on the inner surface. After surgery the local treatment consisted in tobramycin and dexamethasone collyre three times a day, for 10-14 days. As a conclusion, the surgery correction is different in every case and depends on the breed; the techniques could be combined in order to performe the surgery.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXII, Issue 1
Written by Valentin NICORESCU, Alexandra MUNTEANU, Maria CRIVINEANU, Camelia PAPUC, Nicoleta Corina PREDESCU

Customer satisfaction and loyalty measurement are tools that allow veterinary practitioners to survey their customers in a professional manner, giving them results that allow managers to take decisions on the direction and content of veterinary services. The main goal of customer satisfaction evaluation surveys is to identify the causes that led to customer dissatisfaction and to eliminate them in the future. The aim of this study was to evaluate the satisfaction of 150 customers of 15 veterinary pharmaceutical units (pharmacies and pharmaceutical points), using questionnaires. The survey research was composed of a series of 10 written questions, logically and psychologically sequenced, by which to obtain from the respondents answers to be recorded in writing. The questions focused on the following aspects: the quality of products, the ratio between quality and price, collaboration with veterinary pharmaceutical units’ staff, key decision makers in purchasing a product (price, commercial aspect, popularity or producer/country of origin), the necessity of implementing systems to reward loyal customers. The obtained results showed that customer’s satisfaction is influenced mainly by the quality of products, low prices, and the quality of the relationship with the veterinary pharmaceutical units’ staff.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIII, Issue 2
Written by Marcel PARASCHIVESCU, Marcel Theodor PARASCHIVESCU

In the last times pork production was discredited since it was considered concurring humans in food resources and provoking blood vessels inconvenient to consumers. With 2016 Food Day, FAO launched the call:” The climate is changing. Food production must to”. The present paper argues for the opportunities pork production brings in delaying the global heating of the Earth, at least. At it is known the Earth temperature at the atmosphere level is due to the concentration of the gases having “greenhouse effect”. These gases are water vapors, carbon dioxide, methane, CFCs and nitrogen protoxide. Water vapors are at saturated concentration and can’t act in global heating. CFCs are technical gases and have no relation with food production. CO2 is produced by all live beings. CH4 is result of anaerobic fermentation present in herbivorous animal digestion. Hogs and birds produce very small quantities of CH4.The last mentioned gas results from manure fermentation and can be input in soil as fertilizer. On the other hand swine as genetic species is able to perform in different husbandry systems living outdoor or even in natural environment where they get their feed. The present paper suggests some themes concerning pork production that gives possibilities to reduce methane production from farm animal husbandry and fossil fuel consumption.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIV, Issue 2
Written by Cătălina Anca CUCOȘ, Ateș BARUT, Iuliana IONAȘCU, Radu CONSTANTINESCU, Constantin VLĂGIOIU

The aim of this paper was to describe the syringosubarachnoid shunting as surgical management in Chiari like malformation and Syringomyelia, and to track the outcome of the patient. A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel female dog was referred for neurological evaluation due to the intense sudden attacks of pain, occurring more and more often lately. A year earlier, the dog was diagnosed with Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia, undergoing to a craniocervical decompression with durotomy. Postoperatively the clinical signs improved only for a short period of time, afterwards the clinical symptoms progressively reappeared, worsening in the last two months, thus requiring another surgical intervention. The dog was subjected to surgical placement of a syringosubarachnoid shunt at the cervical spinal cord, the patient being evaluated periodically during the hospitalization, and after that at one, four and twelve months postoperatively. In the follow-up period the patient presented good results with improvement of the clinical signs. This case report highlights the success of cervical syringosubarachnoid shunt placement in the management of canine Chiari-like malformation with syringomyelia, especially when the other therapeutic options were unsuccessful.

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