Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 1
Written by Antonello BUFALARI, Eleonora MONTI, Alexandra PETEOACĂ, Antonio DI MEO, Domenico CAIVANO, Francesco BIRETTONI, Giulia MORETTI

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is the most common congenital heart disease in dogs and can lead to heart failure. The left-to-right PDA can be treated by minimally invasive procedures or open thoracotomic surgery. Intravascular techniques for PDA occlusion in our Hospital involve the use of vascular occluders, a device that expands within the ductus lumen to close the PDA. In small breed dogs, due to the small diameter of the femoral artery or due to the shape of the ductus itself, intravascular access is not achievable. In these patients, open surgery with ductus ligation is the proper approach. The surgical procedure is influenced by the characteristics of the ductus. When the ligature of the ductus appears difficult or too risky because of the presence of multiple adherences and adhesions on the medial part of it or because the extremely reduced size of it, the Jackson-Henderson technique is a valid alternative. The appropriate technique is chosen for each patient after considering the possible complications, the risk of dissection, the surgical timeline and the outcome. Our study aimed to evaluate all the intra- and postoperative complications associated with thoracotomic PDA-ligation in a definite category of affected dogs characterized by higher risk factors than the average of the surgery-treated ones.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1
Written by Alice RADULESCU, Beatrice CRISTESCU, Pamela HARRIGAN, Lucian IONITA

Canine pulmonary hypertension is a common complication secondary to Heartworm disease. Pulmonary artery occlusion with adult worms, secondary endarteritis, and thromboembolism lead to increased pulmonary pressure and right ventricular pressure with severe consequences on the structure and function of the right heart. Although new advanced diagnostic techniques and new drugs are useful in diagnosis and management, pulmonary hypertension is often an irreversible and progressive disorder. This case report documents the resolution of pulmonary hypertension and subsequent cardiac changes in a dog diagnosed with severe pulmonary hypertension associated with Heartworm disease by 2D, M-mode, and Doppler echocardiography. Comparative echocardiographic assessments performed before and after treatment revealed a rapid reduction in pulmonary pressure and a significant improvement in echocardiographic parameters. Follow-up echocardiographic assessments confirmed the resolution of cardiac changes more than four years after confirmation of the diagnosis.

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THE INFLUENCE OF THE BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE BACTERIAL CELL WALL ON THE ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTY OF MONOLAYER GRAPHENE

Written by Gabriel GAJAILA, Iuliana GAJAILA
Pages 11 to 13

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]


MORPHOTOPOGRAPHIC ASPECTS OF CERTAIN PELVIC LIMB LYMPH NODES IN FERRETS

Written by Anca ȘEICARU
Pages 14 to 20

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

SEICARU A. 2019, MORPHOTOPOGRAPHIC ASPECTS OF CERTAIN PELVIC LIMB LYMPH NODES IN FERRETS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 14-20.


ALUMINUM LEVELS IN CATS AND DOGS

Written by Emanuela BADEA, Gheorghe Valentin GORAN, Victor CRIVINEANU
Pages 21 to 23

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

BADEA E., GORAN G.V., CRIVINEANU V. 2019, ALUMINUM LEVELS IN CATS AND DOGS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 21-23.


PRELIMINARY CLINICAL EVALUATION OF MESENCHYMAL STROMAL CELL TREATMENTS FOR UNUNITED ANCONEAL PROCESS AND LEGG-CALVE’-PERTHES DISEASE IN DOGS

Written by Antonello BUFALARI, Alberto CROVACE, Antonio DI MEO, Vasilica-Flory PETRESCU Alexandra PETEOACA, Luisa PASCUCCI, Gabriele SCATTINI, Beatrice DEL SAL, Giulia MORETTI
Pages 24 to 30

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

BUFALARI A., CROVACE A., DI MEO A., PETRESCU PETEOACA V.F.A., PASCUCCI L., SCATTINI G., DEL SAL B., MORETTI G. 2019, PRELIMINARY CLINICAL EVALUATION OF MESENCHYMAL STROMAL CELL TREATMENTS FOR UNUNITED ANCONEAL PROCESS AND LEGG-CALVE’-PERTHES DISEASE IN DOGS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 24-30.


PRELIMINARY RESEARCH REGARDING CLINICAL AND MORFOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN NEGLECTED DOGS

Written by Elena CÂRCIUMARU, Emilia CIOBOTARU-PÎRVU
Pages 31 to 36

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

CARCIUMARU E., CIOBOTARU-PIRVU E. 2019, PRELIMINARY RESEARCH REGARDING CLINICAL AND MORFOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN NEGLECTED DOGS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 31-36.


STUDY ON CHANGES IN HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS FOLLOWING ADMINISTRATION OF NSAIDs IN DOGS

Written by Ionuț Răzvan DOBRE, Diana Mihaela ALEXANDRU, Maria CRIVINEANU
Pages 37 to 41

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

DOBRE I.R., ALEXANDRU D.M., CRIVINEANU M. 2019, STUDY ON CHANGES IN HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS FOLLOWING ADMINISTRATION OF NSAIDs IN DOGS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 37-41.


INVESTIGATIONS REGARDING THE PARTICULARITIES OF NON-SPECIFIC RESISTANCE AT NEONATAL CALVES

Written by Rita GOLBAN
Pages 42 to 45

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

GOLBAN R. 2019, INVESTIGATIONS REGARDING THE PARTICULARITIES OF NON-SPECIFIC RESISTANCE AT NEONATAL CALVES. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 42-45.


DORSAL DISPLACEMENT OF THE SCAPULA IN A CAT – CASE REPORT

Written by Cornel IGNA, Roxana DASCALU, Bogdan SICOE, Cristian ZAHA, Larisa SCHUSZLER
Pages 46 to 50

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

IGNA C., DASCALU R., SICOE B., ZAHA C., SCHUSZLER L. 2019, DORSAL DISPLACEMENT OF THE SCAPULA IN A CAT – CASE REPORT. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 46-50.


CLINICAL AND THERAPEUTICAL APPROACH TO PROTEIN-LOSING NEPHROPATHY IN DOGS - A REVIEW

Written by Roxana-Mariana IGNĂTESCU (ŢÎMPĂU), Ana-Maria GOANŢĂ, Ana-Maria BĂDULESCU, Daniela BRĂSLAŞU, Lucian IONIŢĂ
Pages 51 to 59

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

IGNATESCU (TIMPAU) R.M., GOANTA A.M., BADULESCU A.M., BRASLASU D., IONITA L. 2019, CLINICAL AND THERAPEUTICAL APPROACH TO PROTEIN-LOSING NEPHROPATHY IN DOGS - A REVIEW. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 51-59.


RADIOGRAPHIC AND COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN DOGS WITH FRAGMENTED MEDIAL CORONOID PROCESS

Written by Andreea ISTRATE, Alexandra PETEOACA, Radu CONSTANTINESCU, Giovanni ANGELI, Andrei TANASE
Pages 60 to 65

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

ISTRATE A., PETEOACA A., CONSTANTINESCU R., ANGELI G., TANASE A. 2019, RADIOGRAPHIC AND COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN DOGS WITH FRAGMENTED MEDIAL CORONOID PROCESS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 60-65.


RADIOGRAPHIC RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THORACIC CAVITY ALTERATIONS IN DOGS AND CATS WITH RESPIRATORY DISEASES

Written by Alexandru Gabriel NEAGU, Mihai SĂVESCU, Giovanni ANGELI, Niculae TUDOR, Constantin VLĂGIOIU
Pages 66 to 69

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

NEAGU A.G., SAVESCU M., ANGELI G., TUDOR N., VLAGIOIU C. 2019, RADIOGRAPHIC RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THORACIC CAVITY ALTERATIONS IN DOGS AND CATS WITH RESPIRATORY DISEASES. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 66-69.


THERAPEUTIC APPROACH IN MANAGING DEGLOVING INJURIES OF THE FRONT LIMBS IN A DOG - A CASE REPORT -

Written by Alexandra PETEOACA, Andreea ISTRATE, Ana GOANTA, Gina GIRDAN, Alina STEFANESCU, Andrei TANASE
Pages 70 to 78

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

PETEOACA A., ISTRATE A., GOANTA A., GIRDAN G., STEFANESCU A., TANASE A. 2019, THERAPEUTIC APPROACH IN MANAGING DEGLOVING INJURIES OF THE FRONT LIMBS IN A DOG - A CASE REPORT -. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 70-78.


REVERSAL OF CARDIAC PATHOLOGY BY ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY IN A DOG WITH SEVERE PULMONARY HYPERTENSION SECONDARY TO HEARTWORM DISEASE - CASE REPORT

Written by Alice RADULESCU, Beatrice CRISTESCU, Pamela HARRIGAN, Lucian IONITA
Pages 79 to 88

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

RADULESCU A., CRISTESCU B., HARRIGAN P., IONITA L. 2019, REVERSAL OF CARDIAC PATHOLOGY BY ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY IN A DOG WITH SEVERE PULMONARY HYPERTENSION SECONDARY TO HEARTWORM DISEASE - CASE REPORT. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 79-88.


SURGICAL TREATMENT OF A TRAUMATIC DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA IN A CAT USING STRATAFIXTM BARBED SUTURE: CASE REPORT

Written by Bogdan SICOE, Roxana DASCӐLU, Larisa SCHÜSZLER, Daniel BUMB, Cristian ZAHA, Cornel IGNA
Pages 89 to 93

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

SICOE B., DASCӐLU R., SCHUSZLER L., BUMB D., ZAHA C., IGNA C. 2019, SURGICAL TREATMENT OF A TRAUMATIC DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA IN A CAT USING STRATAFIXTM BARBED SUTURE: CASE REPORT. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 89-93.


HEMILAMINECTOMY FOR T11-T12 MEDULLAR COMPRESSION - PERIANAESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF A GERIATRIC DOG

Written by Ruxandra TUDOR, Andra DEGAN, Alexandru Gabriel NEAGU, Luigi CARSTINOIU, Gabriel PREDOI
Pages 94 to 95

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

TUDOR R., DEGAN A., NEAGU A.G., CARSTINOIU L., PREDOI G. 2019, HEMILAMINECTOMY FOR T11-T12 MEDULLAR COMPRESSION - PERIANAESTHETIC MANAGEMENT OF A GERIATRIC DOG. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 94-95.


ENCEPHALITIS: CLINICAL APPROACH TO DIAGNOSIS AND A CASE SERIES REPORT

Written by Raluca Mihaela TURBATU, Cristina FERNOAGĂ, Niculae TUDOR, Constantin VLĂGIOIU
Pages 96 to 100

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

TURBATU R.M., FERNOAGA C., TUDOR N., VLAGIOIU C. 2019, ENCEPHALITIS: CLINICAL APPROACH TO DIAGNOSIS AND A CASE SERIES REPORT. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 96-100.


TREATMENT OF THE EXUBERANT GRANULATION TISSUE IN HORSE USING ELASTIC LIGATURE: CASE REPORT

Written by Cristian ZAHA, Raluca DASCALU, Larisa SCHUSZLER, Bogdan SICOE, Daniel BUMB, Cornel IGNA
Pages 101 to 108

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

ZAHA C., DASCALU R., SCHUSZLER L., SICOE B., BUMB D., IGNA C. 2019, TREATMENT OF THE EXUBERANT GRANULATION TISSUE IN HORSE USING ELASTIC LIGATURE: CASE REPORT. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 101-108.


FUNCTIONAL SET UP STAGES OF AQUAPONIC EXPERIMENTAL MODEL

Written by Elena Camelia GAVRILĂ, Neculai PATRICHE, Marian BOGOESCU, Dorin SORA, Mădălina DOLTU, Maria CRIVINEANU
Pages 109 to 114

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

GAVRILA E.C., PATRICHE N., BOGOESCU M., SORA D., DOLTU M., CRIVINEANU M. 2019, FUNCTIONAL SET UP STAGES OF AQUAPONIC EXPERIMENTAL MODEL. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 109-114.


OBSERVATIONS ON GROWTH PERFORMANCES OF RAINBOW CONSUMPTION TROUT

Written by Andrei MARMANDIU, Andreea TRONARU, Ion CUSTURĂ, Ion RĂDUCUŢĂ, Ileana PĂUNESCU
Pages 115 to 120

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

MARMANDIU A., TRONARU A., CUSTURA I., RADUCUTA I., PAUNESCU I. 2019, OBSERVATIONS ON GROWTH PERFORMANCES OF RAINBOW CONSUMPTION TROUT. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 115-120.


A STUDY CONCERNING QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND PROCESSING PARTICULARITIES IN CERTAIN DAIRY PRODUCTS

Written by Diana Oana OPREA, Carmen Daniela PETCU, Emilia CIOBOTARU-PÎRVU
Pages 121 to 126

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

OPREA D.O., PETCU C.D., CIOBOTARU-PIRVU E. 2019, A STUDY CONCERNING QUALITY ASSESSMENT AND PROCESSING PARTICULARITIES IN CERTAIN DAIRY PRODUCTS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 121-126.


A STUDY ON SENSORIAL ANALYSIS AND THE ASSESSMENT OF THE NUTRITIVE VALUES OF BREAD ASSORTMENTS

Written by Carmen Daniela PETCU, Oana Diana OPREA, Laura STANCIU, Oana Mărgărita GHIMPEŢEANU
Pages 127 to 136

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

PETCU C.D., OPREA O.D., STANCIU L., GHIMPETEANU O.M. 2019, A STUDY ON SENSORIAL ANALYSIS AND THE ASSESSMENT OF THE NUTRITIVE VALUES OF BREAD ASSORTMENTS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 127-136.


EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVE ROUTES OF INTRAVENOUS ADMINISTRATION TO THE METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION SUBSTANCES BY PENILE VEIN IN THE IN VIVO ANTIGENICITY TEST IN GUINEA PIGS

Written by Cristin COMAN, Teodoru SOARE, Diana ISTRATE, Andrei STOIAN, Diana ANCUȚA Jasmina MANOLESCU
Pages 137 to 144

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

COMAN C., SOARE T., ISTRATE D., STOIAN A., ANCUTA MANOLESCU D.J. 2019, EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVE ROUTES OF INTRAVENOUS ADMINISTRATION TO THE METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION SUBSTANCES BY PENILE VEIN IN THE IN VIVO ANTIGENICITY TEST IN GUINEA PIGS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 137-144.


ANESTHESIA COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO SWINE EXPERIMENTAL INVASIVE SURGICAL PROCEDURES

Written by Ruxandra COSTEA, Ruxandra TUDOR, Andra DEGAN, Gina GÎRDAN
Pages 145 to 148

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

COSTEA R., TUDOR R., DEGAN A., GIRDAN G. 2019, ANESTHESIA COMPLICATIONS RELATED TO SWINE EXPERIMENTAL INVASIVE SURGICAL PROCEDURES. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 145-148.


RESEARCH REGARDING THE EFFECT OF SOME SYNTHETIC GLUCOCORTICOID HORMONES ON LEUKOCYTES, IN RATS

Written by Gavrilă ZAGRAI, Cristian BELU, Cerasela VASILESCU, Diana LICSANDRU, Aurel DAMIAN, Ana Maria ZAGRAI (MAIEREAN), Livia PĂUN
Pages 149 to 152

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

ZAGRAI G., BELU C., VASILESCU C., LICSANDRU D., DAMIAN A., ZAGRAI (MAIEREAN) A.M., PAUN L. 2019, RESEARCH REGARDING THE EFFECT OF SOME SYNTHETIC GLUCOCORTICOID HORMONES ON LEUKOCYTES, IN RATS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1, ISSN 2065-1295, 149-152.


Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 1
Written by Ion RĂDOI, Viorica LAGUNOVSCHI-LUCHIAN, Florentin MILEA, Iuliana CODREANU, Stefania RAITA, Vasilică SAVU, Agripina ŞAPCALIU, Bogdan TACHE, Roxana ZAHARIA, Luiza BĂDIC, Dan BODESCU

The purpose of this work is to monitor bee health through the morpho-clinical testing and laboratory examination of live bee samples and brood comb for the prophylaxis and control of bee ascospherosis. We investigated in the active year 2020 a number of 68 samples (34 samples of live bees and 34 samples of brood combs). Samples were collected in the beginning of the inactive season and examined morpho-clinically and in the laboratory. The laboratory method employed was in accordance with OIE regulations (2008) and adapted to an original methodology in the Pathology Laboratory of ICDA. Laboratory test results emphasized the presence of Ascosphera apis fructification bodies and hyphae in 20 live bee intestines (58.82%) the remaining 14 samples being negative (41.18%). The morpho-clinical testing of the 34 brood comb samples proved the existence of chalk brood in 10 samples (29.41%), the respective samples being correlated to the existence of Ascosphaera in the live bee intestines sample, and the remaining 24 samples were negative (70.59%).

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1
Written by Ionuț Răzvan DOBRE, Diana Mihaela ALEXANDRU, Maria CRIVINEANU

NSAIDs have the ability to suppress the inflammatory process. They have antithrombotic action at low doses, analgesic and antipyretic action at medium doses and anti-inflammatory effects at elevated doses. Whereas the beneficial effects of NSAIDs are often overshadowed by the adverse effects, the aim of the study is to track side effects on hematology parameters after administration of anti-inflammatory NSAIDs in dogs. The study was performed on 8 dogs, male and female, of different races and ages, to whom were administered Flunixin, Metacam and Carprofen. The side effects on haematological parameters were observed and analyzed, when given medication as prescribed. In the case of Flunixine, increased white blood cell counts and decreased number of red blood cells, hematocrit have been observed. Metacam and Carprofen caused a lower decrease in hematocrit and red blood cell counts, as well as increased leucocyte counts. In all cases, a decrease in platelet count and a prolongation of prothrombin time were observed. This study conducted to the conclusion that the substances used didn't cause significant haematological changes, at the same time having a constant antithrombotic action and favouring coagulopathies.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVI, Issue 1
Written by Simona NICOLAE, Iuliana CODREANU

The aim of this study is to highlight the influence of early lactation physiological stage on the haematological, electrolytic, enzymatic and biochemical profiles in ewes. The studied parameters (WBC, RBC, Hb, Ht, MCV, MCH, MCHC, Ca, P-inorganic, K, Na, Cl, ALT, AST, CK, GGT, LDH, glucose, urea, cholesterol, triglycerides, creatinine, total proteins, albumin, total bilirubin) were determined in the 20th day of the lactation period, the results obtained being compared to those of the witness group of non-pregnant nor lactating ewes. Important variations of the studied parameters were observed. The WBC value (7.21 ± 0.29 m/mm3) decreased significantly (p<0.05); the calcium and phosphorus values (9.20 ± 2.56 ;4.25± 0.60 mg/dL) decreased non-significantly (p>0.05); the AST (21.60 ± 2.41 U/L) and GGT (12.10 ± 1.45 U/L) activity increased significantly (p<0.05); the glucose (66.1 ± 8.43 mg/dL) and cholesterol (47.90 ± 7.01 mg/dL) values decreased significantly (p<0.05). The results are correlated with the high energy demand in order to support the mammary gland intense activity of milk synthesis in the first third of the lactation period.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 1
Written by Bogdan SICOE, Roxana DASCӐLU, Larisa SCHÜSZLER, Daniel BUMB, Cristian ZAHA, Cornel IGNA

A diaphragmatic hernia occurs when organs from the abdominal cavity migrate into the thoracic cavity, through a discontinuity of the diaphragm. Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia occurs secondary to car accidents, falling from different heights, kicks or animal fights. There is no breed nor sex predisposition. Time-lapse of diaphragmatic hernia ranges from a few hours to years. Barbed sutures, used especially in human sugery, have certain advantages over traditional sutures: shorter suturing time, better tissue coaptation and better tension holding in the surgical wound due to evenly distributed barbs along the thread. This study describes the history, clinical signs, clinical and paraclinical investigations, surgical treatment, as well as post-operative care and follow-up of a feline patient with a traumatic diaphragmatic hernia. The suture material used in this case provided excellent tension in the surgical wound, leading to a full recovery of the patient within 10 days.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVI, Issue 2
Written by Raluca-Aniela IRIMIA, Mara GEORGESCU, Liliana TUDOREANU, Manuella MILITARU

Following consumers high demand for healthier food, the food industry is more than ever interested in replacing traditional chemical preservatives with natural preservatives such as plant extracts and oils. Therefore, we have tested the preservation potential of the 1% (T1%) and 2% (T2%) Nigella sativa oil solutions on chicken meat. Five chicken breasts (m. Pectoralis major) were purchased and each of them was divided in three aliquots, corresponding to Control, T1% and T2%. All chicken breast aliquots were refrigerated for 6 days. The pH and Total Volatile Base Nitrogen (TVB-N) was measured for Control and treatments on day 1, day 3 and day 6. After 6 days of refrigeration, the T2% treated meat had a pH = 6.062 ± 0.042 and a TVB-N = (26.100 ± 0.644) (mg NH3/100g meat), values which were significantly different compared to Control. The pH and TVB-N values measured for T1% treated meat were not significantly different from Control after 6 days of refrigeration. The T2% was found to be the most efficient treatment for preserving the meat during a refrigeration period of 6 days.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 1
Written by Stelian BARAITAREANU, Livia VIDU, Georgeta STEFAN, Bogdan MIHAI, Robert MIHAI, Ion Silver MILITARU, Dragos BIRTOIU, Viorel NASTASE, Marius Cristian CATANA, Tiberiu CONSTANTIN, Alexandru DUTULESCU, Stefan VRABIE, Ciprian Florin FURNARIS, Doina DANES, Gina FINTINERU

The Multi-actor Farm Health Teams (MAFHT) developed for dairy farms are teams that include farmers, veterinarians, and advisors covering complementary areas of interest in the field. The main objective of MAFHT is the design of the Multi-Actor Farm Health Plan (MAFHP) of actions by using the DISARM model. This model uses a participatory, farmer-led approach that was used previously in Denmark and the UK. This paper aimed to describe the particularities of MAFHP’s in five Romanian dairy farms designed to improve animal health and to reduce the need for antibiotic treatment. Farmers usually face management and/or health problems in correlation with the age category and physiological condition. The most common calf diseases were respiratory and enteric, but these problems did not create severe outbreaks of disease. Large dairy farms are more common with hoof disorders while small dairy farms are more exposed to udder diseases. All teams demonstrated their ability to identify farm practices to reduce bacterial disease and the need to use antibiotics.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXV, Issue 2
Written by Ana-Maria COMAN, Emilia BALINT, Dragos-Constantin COMAN, Nicolae MANOLESCU

Wanting to study a special topic in the field of comparative oncology, the component part of the new global medical concept One Health, we proposed to develop the cytomorphological basis of adenopathies caused by the chronic parasitic infestations with Fasciola hepatica, Echinococcus granulossus or Dicrocelium lanceolatum. Our research have unfolded over 4 years, on a number of 267 animals: 82 horse, 147 sheep, 16 swine and 22 cattle, which presented, at post-mortem examination, one or more adenopathies, alongside the characteristic lesions of a chronic parasitic disease. From these animals we harvested the lymph nodes with lesions and we have done smears to examine the populations of the cellular system of immunity. Through this screening we succeeded to make a real "movie" of cytomorphological lesions, transposing, step by step, the transformations of lymphnodal cell populations which are persistently stimulated by the hyperantigenity induced by the chronic parasitism, from the stage of chronic lymphadenitis, to the malignant prelymphoma.

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© 2019 Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine. All Rights Reserved. To be cited: Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine.

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