Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Geertruida ASSA, Sianne RIMBING, Conny PALAR, Ben TAKAENDENGAN

The diversity and abundance of flies (FA) that infest cattle by geography in the central area of livestock rearing can be identified after the fly is caught. The purpose of the study was to find out how much diversity and abundance of some types of skin defect-causing flies were maintained at the location based on differences in temperature and humidity levels in the Tompaso Minahasa area of North Sulawesi. Catching flies is carried out in the morning in which the catch is collected to be identified and analysed its diversity and abundance. The results of identification and analysis showed that the average FA values at various humidity levels showed still in the moderate category namely: 56.1 to 60.7, with the largest abundance being 132.03 ± 7.78, on the other hand at high humidity of 60.8 to 65.4. The FA's average diversity at various temperatures shows that at low temperature levels (26.3-28.6 C) has the largest value of 127.40 ± 5.76, on the other hand at medium temperatures ranging from 28.7 to 30.8 C has an FA value of 115,83 ± 3.96.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Anca BULGARU, Dragoş LUPU, Horia DINU, Elena NEGRU, Mihai DANEŞ

Endoparasite control is one of the major challenges of equine health management, and requires constant surveillance. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of intestinal parasites in an Arabian horse breeding farm. Of the 115 samples examined by flotation and sedimentation methods, 69 (60%) were positive for parasitic infestation. The prevalence of Strongylidae was 35.65%, Parascaris equorum 19.13% and Eimeria leuckarti 23.47%. An initial treatment with ivermectin paste (20 mg/ 100 kg) was administered to all the animals positive for helminth infestation. Two weeks after the treatment, samples were collected and examined again, using the same methods. The prevalence of Strongylidae decreased to 6.95%, while the prevalence of Parascaris equorum remained close to the initial value, at 18.26%. Horses tested positive for Parascaris were treated with fenbendazole paste (7.5 mg/kg), leading to a decrease in prevalence to 2.60%. The remaining horses received a second dose of ivermectin, which had no effect on the prevalence of Strongylidae infestation. As a final result, we changed the control program for endoparasites from scheduled prophylactic treatment "in blind" every three months, to a control program based on diagnosis and monitoring of therapy.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Elena LIPAN (BUESCU), Maria Rodica GURĂU, Doina DANEȘ

The geometric morphometric analysis proved to be an efficient and rapid method for the identification of honeybee subspecies. This analysis involves several steps but takes less than classic morfometric methodes being easier to apply. The aim of this study was to identify the honeybee subspecies from the Romanian South and South-Eastern area, using the semiautomated french system ApiClass, system that allows to identify the subspecies based on the wing's image of Apis mellifera honeybee worker. This program is analyzing the wing considering the 19 points corresponding of the intersections of the main veins of the honeybee forewings. Using ApiClass we analized 13 samples from Tulcea, Calarasi, Giurgiu, Olt, Dambovita, Prahova and Ialomita counties. Each sample was composed from wings of 20 honeybees. Five of the analysed samples were identified as hybrids without being possible to specify the type or the level of the hybridization and 8 samples had been identified as being Apis mellifera carnica presenting a homology degree over 90%.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Cornel IGNA, Cristian ZAHA

Sarcoids are reported as the most common tumour of the horse, localized of the skin, that do not metastasize and rarely regress spontaneously. Treatment described in veterinary literature includes surgical excision, cryotherapy, radio-therapy (low-dose-rate or high dose rate brachytherapy with iridium, strontium; external beam radiotherapy), chemo-therapy (topical, intralesional injection, electrochemotherapy, photodynamic therapy, drug-matrix implants), hyper-thermia, laser therapy, immunotherapy. The purpose of this reviewer study was to evaluate the success of various treatment methods. The information was collected from 75 scientific papers, published between of 1977-2020 and indexed in international databases (Google scholar, Web of Science - Clarivatics, Cabi). Treatments options depend by many variables, including sarcoid tumour type and location, aggressiveness of the tumour, clinical experience, client compliance, treatment costs, patient behaviour, and the availability of services, equipment, and facilities. Recent updates of the success of treatment and recurrence rate of tumour after different treatment methods are presented and discussed. Despite the many treatment options available for equine sarcoids, there is no way 100% effective in achieving healing.

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MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE THORACIC LIMB JOINTS IN DOGS

Written by Cristian BELU, Iulian DUMITRESCU, Bogdan GEORGESCU, Petronela Mihaela ROȘU, Anca ȘEICARU, Ștefania Mariana RAITA, Theodora Raluca ȘTEFĂNESCU, Sorina Andreea MIHAI, Mădălina DOBRILĂ, Oresti MIHELIS, Gabriel PREDOI
Pages 11 to 18

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]


MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE SKULL IN THE DWARF KANGAROO (Macropus rufogriseus)

Written by Petronela Mihaela ROŞU, Bogdan GEORGESCU, Ștefania Mariana RAITA, Cristian BELU, Letiția PURDOIU, Gabriel PREDOI
Pages 19 to 24

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

ROSU P.M., GEORGESCU B., RAITA S.M., BELU C., PURDOIU L., PREDOI G. 2021, MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE SKULL IN THE DWARF KANGAROO (Macropus rufogriseus). Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 19-24.


NFESTATION PATTERN OF CATTLE GADFLY FLIES IN TOMPASO MINAHASA

Written by Geertruida ASSA, Sianne RIMBING, Conny PALAR, Ben TAKAENDENGAN
Pages 25 to 27

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

ASSA G., RIMBING S., PALAR C., TAKAENDENGAN B. 2021, NFESTATION PATTERN OF CATTLE GADFLY FLIES IN TOMPASO MINAHASA. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 25-27.


PARASITOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS IN AN ARABIAN HORSE BREEDING FARM IN ROMANIA

Written by Anca BULGARU, Dragoş LUPU, Horia DINU, Elena NEGRU, Mihai DANEŞ
Pages 28 to 33

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

BULGARU A., LUPU D., DINU H., NEGRU E., DANES M. 2021, PARASITOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS IN AN ARABIAN HORSE BREEDING FARM IN ROMANIA. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 28-33.


THERAPEUTIC APPROACH IN VETERINARIAN ONCOLOGICAL EMERGENCIES

Written by Dan CRÎNGANU, Raluca NEGREANU, Ionuț GÂRJOABĂ, Iuliana CRÎNGANU
Pages 34 to 42

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

CRINGANU D., NEGREANU R., GARJOABA I., CRINGANU I. 2021, THERAPEUTIC APPROACH IN VETERINARIAN ONCOLOGICAL EMERGENCIES. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 34-42.


BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA - PREVALENCE AND CLINICAL-SONOGRAPHIC FEATURES IN DOGS

Written by Alexandra Mihaela CRISTIAN, Iuliana CODREANU, Mario CODREANU
Pages 43 to 47

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

CRISTIAN A.M., CODREANU I., CODREANU M. 2021, BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA - PREVALENCE AND CLINICAL-SONOGRAPHIC FEATURES IN DOGS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 43-47.


ANTIGEN EXPRESSION ENHANCEMENT OF Mycobacterium bovis AN5

Written by Horia DINU, Elena NEGRU, Anca BULGARU, Dragoş LUPU, Mihai DANEŞ, Doina DANEŞ
Pages 48 to 59

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

DINU H., NEGRU E., BULGARU A., LUPU D., DANES M., DANES D. 2021, ANTIGEN EXPRESSION ENHANCEMENT OF Mycobacterium bovis AN5. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 48-59.


Frz OPERON AND R4 GENE VIRULENCE PRESENT IN ROMANIAN APEC (AVIAN PATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI) ISOLATES

Written by Maria Rodica GURĂU, Hasan Majid HAMEED, Fănel OȚELEA, Dragoș COBZARIU, Doina DANEȘ
Pages 60 to 64

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

GURAU M.R., HAMEED H.M., OTELEA F., COBZARIU D., DANES D. 2021, Frz OPERON AND R4 GENE VIRULENCE PRESENT IN ROMANIAN APEC (AVIAN PATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI) ISOLATES . Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 60-64.


REVIEW OF THERAPEUTICAL MANAGEMENT OF EQUINE SARCOID

Written by Cornel IGNA, Cristian ZAHA
Pages 65 to 72

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

IGNA C., ZAHA C. 2021, REVIEW OF THERAPEUTICAL MANAGEMENT OF EQUINE SARCOID. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 65-72.


ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF Rhodococcus equi BACTERIAL STRAIN IN A PUREBREAD ARABIAN HORSES FARM IN ROMANIA

Written by Dragos LUPU, Anca BULGARU, Horia DINU, Elena NEGRU, Doina DANEŞ, Mihai DANEŞ
Pages 73 to 77

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

LUPU D., BULGARU A., DINU H., NEGRU E., DANES D., DANES M. 2021, ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF Rhodococcus equi BACTERIAL STRAIN IN A PUREBREAD ARABIAN HORSES FARM IN ROMANIA. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 73-77.


ULTRASONOGRAPHIC, COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC, CT- ARTHROGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION OF NORMAL INTRA- ARTICULAR ANATOMY OF THE CANINE STIFLE: A CADAVERIC COMPARATIVE STUDY

Written by Giulia MORETTI, Mario MILITI, Alexandra PETEOACA, Giovanni ANGELI, Eleonora MONTI, Antonello BUFALARI
Pages 78 to 87

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

MORETTI G., MILITI M., PETEOACA A., ANGELI G., MONTI E., BUFALARI A. 2021, ULTRASONOGRAPHIC, COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC, CT- ARTHROGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION OF NORMAL INTRA- ARTICULAR ANATOMY OF THE CANINE STIFLE: A CADAVERIC COMPARATIVE STUDY. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 78-87.


TRICHOGRAM - A HANDLE AND VALUABLE TOOL IN DERMATOLOGY PRACTICE

Written by Carmen NEGOIŢĂ, Valentina NEGOIŢĂ
Pages 88 to 92

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

NEGOITA C., NEGOITA V. 2021, TRICHOGRAM - A HANDLE AND VALUABLE TOOL IN DERMATOLOGY PRACTICE. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 88-92.


SYSTEMIC PATHOLOGIES IN A CAPTIVE HUMBOLDT PENGUIN (Spheniscus humboldti) - STUDY CASE

Written by Iulia-Alexandra PARASCHIV (POPA), Raluca-Ioana RIZAC, Emilia CIOBOTARU-PÎRVU, Teodoru SOARE, Manuella MILITARU
Pages 93 to 98

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

PARASCHIV (POPA) I.A., RIZAC R.I., CIOBOTARU-PIRVU E., SOARE T., MILITARU M. 2021, SYSTEMIC PATHOLOGIES IN A CAPTIVE HUMBOLDT PENGUIN (Spheniscus humboldti) - STUDY CASE. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 93-98.


FIRST OCCURRENCE OF SHEEP DEMODICOSIS IN SERBIA

Written by Ivan PAVLOVIC, Nemanja ZDRAVKOVIĆ, Dragana RUŽIĆ MUSLIĆ, Violeta CARO-PETROVIC, Jovan BOJKOVSKI, Narcisa MEDERLE, Renata RELIĆ
Pages 99 to 101

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

PAVLOVIC I., ZDRAVKOVIC N., RUŽIC MUSLIC D., CARO-PETROVIC V., BOJKOVSKI J., MEDERLE N., RELIC R. 2021, FIRST OCCURRENCE OF SHEEP DEMODICOSIS IN SERBIA. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 99-101.


ATROGENIC THERMAL INJURY MANAGEMENT IN A GERIATRIC DOG - A CASE REPORT

Written by Alexandra PETEOACĂ, Iuliana IONAȘCU, Andrei TĂNASE
Pages 102 to 112

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

PETEOACA A., IONASCU I., TANASE A. 2021, ATROGENIC THERMAL INJURY MANAGEMENT IN A GERIATRIC DOG - A CASE REPORT. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 102-112.


STUDY REGARDING THE NUTRITIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL QUALITY OF WHEAT

Written by Alina Maria IONESCU, Maria TOADER, Mirela Elena DUȘA, Emil GEORGESCU
Pages 113 to 118

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

IONESCU A.M., TOADER M., DUSA M.E., GEORGESCU E. 2021, STUDY REGARDING THE NUTRITIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL QUALITY OF WHEAT. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 113-118.


SOME INDICES OF CONTAMINATION OF POULTRY PRODUCTS WITH BACTERIA OF THE GENUS Salmonella spp. AND Listeria spp.

Written by Olga JUNCU, Nicolae STARCIUC, Tatiana ANTOHIEV, Natalia OSADCI
Pages 119 to 126

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

JUNCU O., STARCIUC N., ANTOHIEV T., OSADCI N. 2021, SOME INDICES OF CONTAMINATION OF POULTRY PRODUCTS WITH BACTERIA OF THE GENUS Salmonella spp. AND Listeria spp.. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 119-126.


RESULTS ON THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE HONEYBEE SUBSPECIES FROM SOME SOUTH AND SOUTH-EAST ROMANIAN COUNTIES USING A SEMIAUTOMATIC SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING WINGS

Written by Elena LIPAN (BUESCU), Maria Rodica GURĂU, Doina DANEȘ
Pages 127 to 132

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

LIPAN (BUESCU) E., GURAU M.R., DANES D. 2021, RESULTS ON THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE HONEYBEE SUBSPECIES FROM SOME SOUTH AND SOUTH-EAST ROMANIAN COUNTIES USING A SEMIAUTOMATIC SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING WINGS . Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 127-132.


METHODS FOR DETERMINING OSSEOINTEGRATION OF ENDOSSEOUS DENTAL IMPLANTS - REVIEW

Written by Mihaela MINCU, Elvira GAGNIUC, Roxana BUDEI, Manuella MILITARU
Pages 133 to 138

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

MINCU M., GAGNIUC E., BUDEI R., MILITARU M. 2021, METHODS FOR DETERMINING OSSEOINTEGRATION OF ENDOSSEOUS DENTAL IMPLANTS - REVIEW. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 133-138.


A REVIEW OF CAUSES, DIAGNOSTICS AND EFFECTS OF PERIIMPLANTITIS

Written by Cristiana Adina SALGAU, Andrei Ovidiu TANASE, Anca MORAR
Pages 139 to 148

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

SALGAU C.A., TANASE A.O., MORAR A. 2021, A REVIEW OF CAUSES, DIAGNOSTICS AND EFFECTS OF PERIIMPLANTITIS. Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 139-148.


STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF THE AVIAN INFLUENTZA (AI) / HIGHLY PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA (HPAI)

Written by Mirela Daniela NICOLA, Dorina Nicoleta MOCUŢA
Pages 149 to 157

[Abstract][Full article][Citation]

NICOLA M.D., MOCUTA D.N. 2021, STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF THE AVIAN INFLUENTZA (AI) / HIGHLY PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA (HPAI). Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2, ISSN 2065-1295, 149-157.


Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Olga JUNCU, Nicolae STARCIUC, Tatiana ANTOHIEV, Natalia OSADCI

The scope of the proposed research was to establish the presence of bacteria of the genus Salmonella spp. and Listeria spp. in the samples of poultry meat and eggs sold in the commercial food network of the Central Agricultural Market from m. Chisinau. The bacteriological investigations were performed in the laboratory of Microbiology of the Department II of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, SAUM. The serotyping of the isolated bacteria forms was performed at the Republican Center for Veterinary Diagnosis. The following culture media were used for isolation and identification: RVS broth, MKTTn broth, XLD agar, BSA, semi-Fraser broth, ALOA agar, Ottaviani and Agosti agar, Oxford agar. In total, 120 samples including 60 egg samples, 20 samples of frozen poultry carcasses and 40 samples from refrigerated broiler carcasses were collected and examined. As a result, the bacteriological investigation on the eggs of current consumption has established the presence of bacteria of the genus Salmonella typhimurium. Also, in the samples of frozen meat were isolated the serotypes Salmonella enteritidis and Listeria monocytogenes and finally, in the samples of refrigerated poultry carcasses was established the presence of serotypes Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes. The bacteriological investigations of poultry products (eggs and meat) showed the presence of their contamination with bacteria of the genus Listeria monocytogenes in 2.5% of the examined samples and with Salmonella bacteria in 8.3%, which may lead to the transmission of these bacteria to consumers by means of contaminated products.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Mirela Daniela NICOLA, Dorina Nicoleta MOCUŢA

Avian Influenza (AI) is a contagious disease, first described in Italy, in 1878, by Peroncito, as a disease with high mortality in poultry, next documented as a type A influenza virus, in 1955, by Schäfer W., and then recognized as a transboundary disease spreading across international borders, occurring worldwide (consistent evidence support the transboundary character of the disease, particularly from 2003 to our days, in Asia, USA, Latin America, Europe, Oceania). Data available shows that AI has significantly affected the world economy and society in the last decades, causing disruption of poultry industry and global trade, changes in poultry industry and markets policies, affecting livelihood of vulnerable people, producing considerable control costs, and starting with 1997 it is also highly recognised as a public health threat that can cause illness or death in humans. Despite the new tools used by the modern management (advanced science technologies, statistics tools, etc.) the disease still leave behind losses into the global poultry industry and sometimes human deaths (Hong Kong, Cambodia, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Turkey etc). The paper aims to review the knowledge on the management of AI (HPAI) in the world, to identify gaps or weaknesses in the management of the AI and to try to provide guidelines on how countries can be better organized to react to an outbreak of AI/HPAI and/or to identify better ways to diminish the devastating impact of the disease upon societies, consumer, trade between the countries, economy.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Alina Maria IONESCU, Maria TOADER, Mirela Elena DUȘA, Emil GEORGESCU

In the bakery industry, the wheat quality is essential for flour processing. Thus, the main objective of this paper is to present the results of the research on yield quality of seven winter wheat samples collected from Prahova County farms. To determine the wheat quality, the following analysis were performed: thousand grain weight (TGW g), hectolitre mass (HLM kg/hl), moisture content (%), protein content (%), carbohydrates content (%), lipid content (%), ash content (%), wet gluten content (%), gluten deformation index (mm) and falling number. For the physical parameter determined at wheat seeds the following data were obtained in average: 41.47g for TGW (g), 76.84 kg/hl for HLM and 12.72% for moister content. In average, the chemical composition of wheat seeds was the following: 14.22% proteins, 1.95% lipids, 65.98% carbohydrates, 1.78% ash. For the whole wheat flour the following results were obtained: the wet gluten content was on average of 28.02%, with variation between 25.5% for sample 2 and 30.5% for sample 5; the gluten deformation index was on average of 8.47% and the value of falling number varied between 227 s and 258 s. Those results show that all samples of wheat are suitable for use in the bakery industry.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Iulia-Alexandra PARASCHIV (POPA), Raluca-Ioana RIZAC, Emilia CIOBOTARU-PÎRVU, Teodoru SOARE, Manuella MILITARU

The present case study was represented by a captive, adult, female Spheniscus humboldti penguin submitted for post mortem investigations at the Pathological Anatomy Department, from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest. The diagnostic methods included necropsy, microbiology, cytology, histopathology and PCR examination. Necropsy revealed poor body condition and obvious thickened air sacs along with multifocal, coalescing, yellow nodules in multiple organs. Cytology revealed necrotic and inflammatory cells, detritus, bacteria and fungal hyphae and microbiologic examination isolated Aeromonas hydrophila and Candida krusei. Histopathology revealed old and developing multifocal granulomas with a central oxyphilic material and circular disposition surrounded at the periphery by multinucleated giant cells and cellular reactivity. Other lesions identified were interstitial nephritis with glomerulosclerosis, lymphohistiocytic hepatitis. and splenic lymphocyte depletion. Also, protozoan cysts (50-80μ in diameter) were identified in all major tissues, but PCR examination was negative for Toxoplasma gondii.The case of the Humboldt penguin presented multifocal granulomatous inflammations, associated with emaciation, immunosuppression and parasitism and the cause of the death was respiratory insufficiency.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Dan CRÎNGANU, Raluca NEGREANU, Ionuț GÂRJOABĂ, Iuliana CRÎNGANU

Oncological emergencies can occur at any time during an neoplastic pathology or during specialized treatment, and must be identified and properly addressed as early as possible, so as to determine a maximum favorable response. Emergencies in cancer can be represented by iatropathic disease (Cringanu, 2013), paraneoplastic syndromes or the cancer itself. The earlier we diagnose, the better we can establish a treatment with a successful result. This article aims to present treatment protocols in the most common cases of veterinary oncological emergencies. The main objective of our research was to establish a unitary conduct for a fast and correct diagnosis and an efficient treatment of oncological emergencies, before their effects became irreversible.

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