Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LIX (1)
Written by Petru PAVALIUC, Dumitru ERHAN, Stefan RUSU, Oleg CHIHAI, Maria ZAMORNEA, Elena GHERASIM, Grigore CILIPIC

The experimental studies revealed and analyzed the dynamics, protein and saline metabolism, resistance to stress factors and adaptive capacities (total proteins and protein fractions, urea, macro elements Ca, P, Na, K, content of glucose, bactericide activity, cortisol concentration) of calves in their early postnatal ontogenesis under the combined influence of stresogen thermal maintenance factor, noise and parasitic factors. There were established that the fluctuations of the researched physiological parameters have the phasic character. The tested indices, in major cases were quantitatively lower in the group of animals affected by the combined stressor factors. Two ascends in changing of the indices have been observed: at the 7-8-th and at the 25-30-th days at birth that coincided with critical development periods: immunodeficiency, depression of the stresogen reaction, depression of dominance and retardation. The positive effect has been registered also upon stress resistance and adaptation capacities of the organism.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LIX (1)
Written by ZORITA MARIA COCORA, IOAN TIBRU

This study aimed to analyse the influence of refrigeration on Salmonella.Two register strains have been used – S. Enteritidis (D) (ATCC 13076) and S. Typhimurium (ATCC14028), each having a known load of 28*107, respectively 40*107. The two strains have been subjected to temperature variations as such: 1.-18°C for 1 h 45 min; 2. 2-4°C for 6 h after the first stage; 3. 2°C for 10 h after the second stage.The collected samples have been analyzed according to ISO 6579:2002. The results have shown that after quick refrigeration (-18°C for 1 h 45 min), the S. enteritidis and S. typhimurium microorganisms at the load of 22 log ufc/cm2, respectively 44 log ufc/cm2 could not be noticed. The other two variations (2-4°C for 6 h and 2°C for 10 h) did not have any effect on the two Salmonella strains, no matter the UFC number used. We can affirm that the temperature of-18°C prevent the multiplication of microorganisms only if the microbial load is reduced, and once with increasing temperature the microorganisms have been highlighted.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LIX (1)
Written by Alexandru Cosmin TUTUNARU, Florin LEAU, Alexandru SONEA, Charlotte SANDERSEN

The aim of this study was to assess the level of analgesia and safety of this aesthetic protocol. Many other anaesthetic protocols presented in scientific works are not enough detailed regarding their safety or their analgesic predicted effects. For this study we anesthetized three healthy rabbits. Two of them suffered a standard orchiectomy procedure and one suffered an orthopaedic intervention on humerus. All three received the same anaesthetic protocol. They were premedicated using medetomidine 0.25 mg/kg. After 10 minutes the rabbits were induced using ketamine 15 mg/kg subcutaneous. For analgesia we administered buprenorphine 0.03 mg/kg subcutaneous and meloxicam 0.6 mg/kg. Anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane administered by facemask 1-1.5% in pure oxygen. During anaesthesia we assessed respiratory and cardiac parameters using a pulse-oximeter. After analysing our results we concluded that this protocol gives a predictable level of analgesia sufficient for most of procedures, even orthopaedic surgeries, and that our subjects were free of any cardio-respiratory secondary effects during anaesthesia.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LIX (1)
Written by Ivan PAVLOVIC, Snezana IVANOVIC, Miroslav ZUJOVIC

The study about tick fauna and season distribution of tick of small ruminant at spread Belgrade area was started in March and finished in November 2011. During study we examined a total of 91 flocks of goats and sheep from 6 Belgrade districts. In total we examined 281 sheep and 122 goats. Ticks infestation we occurred at 169 (60.14%) sheep and 42 (34.42%) goats. Most abundant were Ixodes ricinus, followed by Dermacentor marginatus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, R.bursa, Haemaphysalis punctata, D.recticulatus.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LIX (1)
Written by Adrian BRADEA, Mario CODREANU, Constantin VLĂGIOIU

Ureterohydronephrosis is characterised by progressive dilatation and urine accumulation inside the renal basinet and/or ureters. A number of 40 dogs were evaluated, from different breeds with different ages by physical, imagistic and laboratory (hematologic and biochemical) examination. The aim of this study was the evaluation of ultrasonographic aspects and blood changes in ureterohydronephrosis in dogs. Physical examination revealed abdominal distension (23/40), pain sensibility (31/40) and uremic syndrome signs (21/40), Laboratory investigations revealed hemoconcentration (18/40), hypochrome anemia (13/40) and leucocytosis (12/40). Ultrasonographic, different degrees of basinet and ureters dilatation were noticed accompanied by renal structural changes.

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