Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Magdalena GONCIAROV

The European Union has set two main goals followed in the veterinary services. This consumer health and food safety on the one hand, and on the other hand, control and eradication of animal diseases. Accordingly, the Commission adopted a radical reform in the health department dealing with consumers. Scientific Committees placed under the responsibility of managing DG Consumer Policy and Health Protection, which deals with the Food and Veterinary Office (FVO). The Commission has reorganized and the three "tools" used to protect consumer health: scientific analysis, risk analysis control and inspections. In terms of disease control and eradication, creation of WTO and signed by the Member States of the European Union agreement on sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS Agreement) tariff barrier reduction were set up to trade, based on animal veterinary safety. Thus, countries that want to prohibit the importation of animals or animal products from a particular country or region to protect its own animal health must scientifically prove this. Countries wishing to export, on the other hand, must prove that they are free of certain diseases. In both cases, it required a database suitable for animal health. Thus, the responsibilities of public veterinary services are moving towards two primary objectives- to facilitate international trade and protect public health.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Alexandru LATARETU, Valer TEUSDEA, Florin FURNARIS,Rodica BUNEA, Elena MITRANESCU

This research paper reveals the significance of hematological evaluation by describing the recommended blood sampling methodology and laboratory evaluation techniques. The inconsistencies that may appear in the literature, regarding the nomenclature, are also discussed. Two carps (Cyprinus spp.) were used in this experiment. Blood samples were harvested on anticoagulant according to the recommendations available in the literature and examined via light microscopy. Lymphocytes were the most common found white blood cell, eosinophils were rare and no basophils were observed although the literature suggests their existence in carp blood. It is concluded that this study may help in the standardization of hematologic values in carp.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Elena MITRANESCU, Oana PUFULESCU, Alexandru Ioan LATARETU, Laurentiu TUDOR, Ciprian Florin FURNARIS

Welfare is an individual state regarding his attempt to cope with living environment, to rank his priorities for using the available energy in relation with his needs. In the Clinical Hospital of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Bucharest was conducted a welfare assessment for horses based on shelter environmental conditions and on serum biochemical indicators. To determine the microclimatic conditions were approached the physical factors (air temperature, relative humidity, air draught velocity, light intensity, sound intensity), the chemical factors (concentrations of carbon dioxide, ammonia and hydrogen sulfide) and the biological ones (airborne particulates and air bacterial load – total plate count). For the study of serum biochemical profile were taken blood samples, from which were determined by dry biochemistry method, using Vettest 8008 device, 18 parameters: blood urea nitrogen, phosphate, calcium, total proteins, albumin, globulins, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, total bilirubin, triglycerides, glucose, lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine, magnesium, cholesterol, ammonia and creatine kinase. The obtained results were compared with the reference values. After determining the microclimate conditions was found that most of the values obtained were appropriate in relation with welfare standards, except for air particulates. Particulate matter exceeded the limits of 1.16 times, originated mostly in fodders, litter and from the animals’ bodies. Regarding the biochemical parameters, most recorded values within the reference ranges for horses, except for Salomeea (female, age 17 years), in which were recorded increased values for calcium, ammonia and creatine kinase and decreased values for phosphate. Correlating the results for microclimate conditions and for serum biochemical parameters can be concluded that animal welfare can be rated as medium to good.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Dan CRINGANU, M. CODREANU, Raluca NEGREANU, R. NEGREANU, Iulia CRINGANU

The purpose of this paper is to highlight the phenomena induced by wrongly administered chemotherapy called perivenous tissue necrobiosis (Doxorubicine and Vinca Rosa alkaloids – Vincristine, Vinblastine), and to show the proper administration of chemotherapy according to the action mechanism – strictly intravenously, intraperitoneally, by swallowing pills or in the neoformation vessels of solid superficial tumors.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Carmen JECAN, Laurentiu STOICESCU, Crina CORBEANU, Marian MIHAIU

The purpose of this research was to explore the impact of lifestyle, genetic predisposition and metabolic risk factors on the incidence of cardiovascular disease, given the fact that economic reasons must emphasize with inexpensive measures that have impact on health status. The research was based on a medical questionnaire about lifestyle, diet habits and personal history of the disease in patients with or without clinical signs of cardiovascular diseases. All the respondents identified with atherosclerotic damage were associated with the following risk factors: physical inactivity (13%), high body mass index (15%), family history (15%), history of hypertension (17%), frequent consumption of at least five types of unhealthy food (20%). At 89% of patients who completed the questionnaire was identified the combination of at least three risk factors. From the total of five cardiovascular risk factors, one cannot be changed (family history), one can be modified by drug therapy and through lifestyle changes (hypertension) and the other three could be eliminated through inexpensive methods, by changing everyday behaviour, which can be achieved with a minimum cost to society. A healthy diet was correlated only with the subclinical form of the disease thus its role seems important in preventing disease rather than in healing. Besides dietary risk factors, cardiovascular diseases were influenced in a cumulative way by socio-economic, behavioural and biological factors.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Cristina BARBAZAN, Geta PAVEL, Eusebiu SINDILAR, Andrei BAISAN,Elena GAVRILAS, Vasile VULPE

This paper presents the case of a female dog with a mediastinal mass. Clinical, imagistic and cytological evaluation of the patient are presented. A 4 years old female Rottweiler was referred to FMV Iasi Clinics with signs of respiratory distress resistent to treatment. Clinical examination of the dog revealed paroxostic, productive cough, harsh respiratory sounds, fever and regurgitation. Radiographs of the spine and thorax in right and left lateral and dorso-ventral incidence revealed a large mass occupying the cranial mediastinum and left cranial thorax, pushing the heart and the carina caudally and the esophagus and the trachea laterally, to the right. The esophagus was dilated cranially due to external mass compression and aspiration pneumonia signs were found in the lung. Small nodular mases were also seen in all the lung lobes. Endoscopy of the esophagus and trachea revealed the integrity of these organs and external compression. Ultrasound examination showed an hperechoic heterogenous mass. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of the mass was performed. The cytological examination of the samples showed necrosis and a pleomorphic cell population with obvious malignancy criterias: macrocytosis, anisocytosis, anisocaryosis, multiple nucleoli, numerous mytosis, high N/C ratio. The pleomorphic aspect of the mesenchymal cell population prevented a clear classification of the tumour but revealed a high malignancy mesenchymal mediastinal neoplasia. The differential was made between extra-skeletal osteosarcoma/chondrosarcoma, hemangiopericitoma and fibrosarcoma

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Cornel IGNA, Daniel BUMB, Mirela TOTH-TASCAU, Lucian RUSU, Larisa SCHUSZLER, Aurel SALA, Adelina PROTEASA, Roxana DASCALU

Cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) rupture is a common injury in the dogs and major cause of degenerative joint disease. A common method to restore stifle joint stability is an extra capsular repair with a lateral fabella-tibial suture using heavy nylon wire. Aims: to compare the mechanical properties (force at failure and elongation) of three diameters of nylon fishing line before and after steam sterilizer with loops secured by knot (two types) and by crimped system. Materials and methods: Two monofilament nylon fishing lines (1 and 1.2 mm) were used to determine the effect of steam sterilization on strength and elongation of the material. A strand of each diameter of monofilament nylon fishing material was knotted or crimped to form a loop around 2 rods on a materials-testing machine. Material testing was performed using a servo-hydraulic materials-testing machine. Twenty trials of each diameter of unsterilized and steamsterilized nylon per each type of secured methods were tested. A strand of each material was elongated to failure at a constant displacement of 10 mm/min to determine strength. A strand of each material was cycled 10 times to a load of 50 N to determine percent elongation. Results: All the loops failed by breaking or slipping within the knot or clamp. The surgeons knot had significantly greater elongation than all other loops, but required the most force to failure. With incremental loading, knotted loops elongated more than crimped loops. The loops secured by indigene crimp system were weaker strength than knotted loops. Conclusion: All materials tested exceeded the necessary strength of neutralizing the load in the canine walk but none exceeded the estimated highest load during canine higher activity

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Iudith IPATE, Alexandru POP, Smaranda TOMA, A.T. BOGDAN, G.F. TOBA, Eugenia SOVAREL

The main objectives of this paper are the description of hunting funds from Maramures region, analysis of wild stocks in the study area and to identify specific biodiversity of the region with the use of modern tools for monitoring wildlife in the forest seven funds. It also seeks regional wildlife biodiversity assessment and implementation of prospective studies on the development of wildlife biodiversity in the region studied. Methods used for the study of the biodiversity of this paper are: species richness, heterogeneity, anthropogenic factor. Also, we used appropriate methodology for calculating the indicators used in accordance with the generally recognized internationally. As a method for determining the regional wildlife biodiversity systematic study has used cross methods, aiming issues, phenomena and processes at a time and longitudinal methods, seeking processes, while issues. After the number of units taken so we used both statistical methods and methods casuistry (case study, monograph, etc.). Methods of data collection was mainly quantitative, it is an objective method, deductive and generalized in the period of 2 year (2011- 2012). -The forestry funds Cisla, Bistra Petrova and Chioarului Valley, fauna biocenosis is the largest heterogeneity in the studied area. The heterogeneity of the largest deer is the smallest Bistra Petrova is Ruscova forest resources (Simpson index). Equitability highest recorded in the hunting Remetea. The animal genetic resources far exceeds their current use because they provide options for the future, a species of wild animals, which is of little importance today can be extremely valuable in the future to improve specific traits of resistance to diseases, adjustment,

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Ioan GROZA, Mihai CENARIU, Simona CIUPE, Al. Raul POP, Emoke PALL, Laura PARLAPAN, Lucica GERU

In order to check weather Danube river water provides adequate conditions for proper gametogenesis in pike, a full cycle of ovogenesis and spermatogenesis were followed. Pike capture was performed at the beginning of May, end of August, November and April for ovogenesis assessment, as well as in November and April for spermatogenesis study. For external macroscopic investigation fish were examined by inspection, while the internal aspects were studied by dissection. Histological sections of reproductive tract components were performed for microscopic evaluation. Research proved that the external examination of females can somewhat show the stage of the sexual cycle in pike, as their abdomen is slightly dilated in stage III, visibly dilated in stage IV and very dilated in stage V. Microscopically, the presence of two categories of oocytes during an ovogenic cycle proved that pike ovary is of grouped synchronous type, as the large oocytes mature and are eliminated during egg shedding, while the small ones remain for the next cycle. The spermatogenesis process was slow until stage III when it became rapid, spermatocytes being grouped, as zonal cell clusters. Both ovogenesis and spermatogenesis were normal under specific conditions provided by the Danube River.

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Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Dumitru CURCA

From the Neo/eneolithic, bronze and iron ages. The population of the Cucuteni culture was hunters and agriculturists and handicraftsmen such as weavers, pottery workers and toolmakers. The archaeology display several artefacts or paintings on ceramics picturing the animal species used by the people of that time: A zoomorphic representation; Zoomorphic picture; Zooomorphic vessel. II. From the period of the Roman occupation (1st – 3rd centuries). On the Column of Trajan, historic monument from Rome built upon order of Trajan Emperor in commemoration of his victory from Dacia, by Apolodorus de Damasc and preserved until our present time. Reaching the apogee of the historic Roman bas-relief, the 124 episodes carved in spiral on the Column, illustrating the Commentaries of Trajan about the Dacic wars (De bello dacico), by their character of historic document, are a true document about the concerns of the Dacians for the breeding and use of horses in defence. Some interesting scenes depict domesticated animals used for sacrifices or for food. Another important monument is the “Triumphal Monument” located north of Adamclisi commune in Dobrogea, in an area of forested hills. Among the bas-reliefs from Adamclisi one may notice those showing groups of sheep and goats, species loved by the people who inhabited and still inhabits these places. III. Historiography using terminology from the Romanian linguistic. The modern Romanian language is considered a Romanic language. From the Dacian-Thracic-Iliric languages in the basic lexical fund will still have just about (170- 180) 165 words, such as: hearth, earth, ash, child, infant, meadow, orog, hornbeam, common oak, fir tree, cheese, soft cow cheese, whey, ford, swamp, wave, sunset, sunrise, swarm, peas, cabbage, grapes, wild boar, stork, head kerchief, scarf, peasant sandal, hood, pole, hill, shore, etc. The apicultural terminology is largely of Latin origin and it is one of the strongest arguments for understanding the stable life of the Romanians. Bee breeding words of Latin origin: albina (bee), stup (beehive), fagur (honey comb), miere (honey), cear (wax), pstur (maiden wax). Following are several bee breeding words of Slav origin: prisac (bee garden), matc (queen), trântor (male bee), Roi (swarm), Bezmetic (wandering aimlessly).Other Slav terms with the same meaning: ulei (oil), from the Bg. uleju in Oltenia; tiubei, from Ukr. stub+suf. –ei, in Moldova and Bucovina; coni, from the old Sl. kosnica, in Transylvania and Banat.

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