PRESENTATION OF A CASE OF OSTEOSARCOMA IN A ROTTWEILER BREED DOG

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Ionut Cristian Garjoaba , Andrei Tanase

We hereby present an osteosarcoma case in a Rottweiler breed dog, the osteosarcoma being located in the epiphyseal - metaphyseal area of left humerus. The dog has been submitted successively to clinical, radiologic and cytology investigations, the last one showing the existence of a type of osteoblastic osteosarcoma. Osteosarcoma is a malignant tumour of the bone tissue usually striking the Canidae, affecting in particular medium and large breeds of dogs, more frequently located at the level of the appendicular skeleton, in the epiphyseal – metaphyseal area of long bones. The diagnosis in the case of osteosarcoma is found further to a cytology investigation, the sample being taken by means of X-ray guided bone biopsy.

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Garjoaba I. C., Tanase A. 2012, PRESENTATION OF A CASE OF OSTEOSARCOMA IN A ROTTWEILER BREED DOG. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 170-173.

PREVALENCE OF MOBILE SEROVARS OF SALMONELLA SPP. ISOLATED FROM BREEDING HENS, LAYING HENS AND BROILER CHICKENS IN 2010

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Ramona Clep

For the control of mobile Salmonella presenting a high zoonotic risk and also involving property damage through mortality, a National Program was implemented in Romania to control mobile Salmonella infections in breeding hens, which includes relevant serovars represented by S. enteritidis, S. infantis, S. hadar, S. typhimurium and S. virchow and relevant serovars represented by S. enteritidis and S. typhimurium for laying hens and broiler chickens. The faeces samples were collected with a frequency established by the Community legislation while the program aimed at reaching a prevalence of 1% or less of the flocks with a confidence interval (confidence limit) of 95% for breeding hens and broiler chickens and up to 2% for flocks of laying hens. Following the study conducted, 655 strains of Salmonella enterica subsp. Enterica were isolated. For the breeding hens, serovar S. enteritidis had the highest incidence - 15 strains were identified, for serovar S. typhimurium only one strain was isolated, while the other relevant serovars represented by S. infantis, S. hadar and S. Virchow were not identified. For the laying hens, S. enteritidis had the highest incidence - 19 strains were identified, while for serovar S. typhimurium 5 strains were identified. In farms of broiler chickens S. enteritidis had the highest incidence as well - 38 strains were identified, while serovar S. Typhimurium was not identified.

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Clep R. 2012, PREVALENCE OF MOBILE SEROVARS OF SALMONELLA SPP. ISOLATED FROM BREEDING HENS, LAYING HENS AND BROILER CHICKENS IN 2010. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 70-79.

PRIMARY CUTANEOUS ASPERGILLOSIS CAUSED BY ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS IN CAT - CASE REPORT

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Carmen Negoiţă, Valentina Negoiţă

Aspergillosis is recognized as an opportunistic infection in human and animals often occuring in association with other chronic diseases (immunodeficiency, diabetes mellitus, long-term antibiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery, etc.). Over 95% of human aspergillosis are produced by A.fumigatus, A.flavus and A.niger commonly found in the environment. Primary cutaneous aspergillosis with A.flavus has been rarely reported in human, mainly in immunocompromised and diabetic patients after surgery. Aspergillus infections have been more less reported in cat than dog, with two clinical forms: nasal and systemic. Early detection and treatment are important factors in infection control. This paper illustrated a primary cutaneous aspergillosis of the tail in a spayed mixed-breed female cat, 10 years old, with no general symptoms. The samples prelevated from tail lesions were submitted to bacteriological, mycological and cytological investigation. The results demonstrated the infection with a strain of A.flavus. The case is still under investigation and represent a real therapeutic challenge for us considering the chronic infection and the age of patient.

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Negoiţă C., Negoiţă V. 2012, PRIMARY CUTANEOUS ASPERGILLOSIS CAUSED BY ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS IN CAT - CASE REPORT. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 278-285.

PROBIOVIT PHYTOTHERAPY EFFECTS OF DIARRHEAL SYNDROMES IN PIGS

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Loredana Mihaela Vasile, I.Radoi, Al. Şonea, Cristinel Şonea, A. Bartoiu, Catalina Posea

Apiphitoterapy, branch of unconventional therapies provide health through detoxification and repair functions affected, reinstalling homeostasis of the body and its relationship with the environment. Getting Probiovit product apiphitoterapeutic of propolis and vegetal mass resulting from the process of winemaking was done by percolation battery hydroalcoholic extract in optimizing extraction parameters (time,temperature, granulation plant material, report solvent / plant material) in order to achieve optimal concentration of flavones, lectins, pectin. The preparation is a natural product derived from plants with anti-diarrheal properties. It is easy to administer at young piglets during treatment in diarrheal syndromes, hypotrepsic, and the stress of weaning piglets.

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Vasile L. M., Radoi I., Şonea A., Şonea C., Bartoiu A., Posea C. 2012, PROBIOVIT PHYTOTHERAPY EFFECTS OF DIARRHEAL SYNDROMES IN PIGS. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 406-411.

PRRS DIAGNOSIS OBTAINED BY ELISA METHOD IN PROFFESIONAL AND HOUSEHOLD BREEDING UNITS FROM BRAILA

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Sorina Eugenia Filip, Iulian Togoe, Lucica Comanescu

Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is an infectious disease produced by a virus and it is characteristic to swine. The disease produces important economic demages by reproduction and breathing problemes and with expensive cost by prevention and control of spreading (Rotaru, 2005). This paper shows the results obtained using serological examination by ELISA method in big proffesional breeding swine units compared with household breeding swine units from Braila. In the blood samples taken from different categories was observed a high incidence of antibodies PRRS to the swine growth in proffesional units compared with the results from swine growth in household units where the antibodies against PRRS were not presents. In literature antibodies and virus detection may be a surprise because the clinical signs are not always present (Perianu, 2012).

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Filip S. E., Togoe I., Comanescu L. 2012, PRRS DIAGNOSIS OBTAINED BY ELISA METHOD IN PROFFESIONAL AND HOUSEHOLD BREEDING UNITS FROM BRAILA. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 153-161.

RESEARCH AND OBSERVATION ON CLINICAL AND THERAPEUTIC ASPECTS REGARDING TRANSMISSIBLE VENEREAL TUMOR IN DOGS

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Muste A., Beteg F., Muste M., Stroe T., Lăcătuş R., Hodiş Loredana

Transmissible venereal tumor, also known as infectious sarcoma or Sticker tumor, has a different incidence from one race to another although the range is known as a cosmopolitan character disorder. In our study. In our cases the incidence was 23%. The initial lesions are superficial, small pink to red, 1 mm to 3 mm diameter nodules can be observed, then multiple nodules fuse together forming larger, red, hemorrhagic, cauliflower-like, friable masses, that draws the owners attention. Tumors bleed easily and while becoming larger, normally ulcerate and become contaminated (Hoque, 2002). For this study two groups were used, the first group included 11 dogs, the second group 12 dogs, different race and age, all males, raised in freedom, with little socialization with other dogs. For the first group the treatment was made with vincristine sulfate at a dose of 0.025 mg/kg, i.v, administered weekly, for a period of 7 weeks. The second group was treated with vinbleastina at a dose of 0,1 mg/hg i.v, administered weekly, for 6 weeks. The best results were with vincristine, 95%, while the results for the treatment with vinblastine were between 85-95%.

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Muste A., Beteg F., Muste M., Stroe T., Lăcătuş R., Hodiş L. 2012, RESEARCH AND OBSERVATION ON CLINICAL AND THERAPEUTIC ASPECTS REGARDING TRANSMISSIBLE VENEREAL TUMOR IN DOGS. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 272-277.

RESEARCH ON IDIOPATHIC STOMATITIS IN CATS

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by E.-V. Şindilar, S. Paşca

In the last decade there have been great advances in the study of chronic oral inflammation impacts on the health of the whole animal body. Materials and methods. Clinical investigations were performed in the Surgical Clinic of FMV Iaşi, on 32 patients presenting characteristic symptoms. Results and conclusions. Secondary clinical outcomes of the research are those that revolutionizes diagnosis and treatment plan, or need treatment more than the technology itself. Gingivostomatitis have long been known, studied and systematized, but some of them have not yet been fully described and investigated as cat idiopathic gingivostomatitis. Failure diagnosis and treatment of this disease and others that are localized specifically in the oral cavity is due to the fact that dentistry is basically a new branch, implemented shortly in veterinary medicine and began to grow in treatment of pets. Treatment of this disease should be seen as a product of comparative analysis of the advantages and disadvantages involved in each case. In addition to restoring the functions of the stomatognathic apparatus, treatment raises a number of shortcomings related to threatening the integrity of various organs of the animal, to facilitate the emergence of other diseases, the sometimes high cost of treatment and, not least, the risk of its failure.

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Şindilar E. V., Paşca S. 2012, RESEARCH ON IDIOPATHIC STOMATITIS IN CATS. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 338-351.

RESEARCH REGARDING EVALUATION OF RAM’S SEMEN, COLLECTED BY ELECTROEJACULATION, OUT OF THE BREEDING SEASON

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Borzan Mihai Marian, Groza Ioan Stefan, Morar Iancu Adrian, Morar Glad

Our study was conducted out of the breeding season (March, 2012). An experimental study was conducted to assess the external genitalia in rams, along with artificial collection of semen, using the electroejaculation method by electrostimulation with an electroejaculator standardized for small ruminants, produced by MINITUBE-Germany. The semen obtained was macroscopically (number of stimulus necessary for obtaining the semen, volume, color, smell) and microscopically (sperm waves, mobility, viability, concentration) evaluated.

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Borzan M. M., Groza I. S., Morar I. A., Morar G. 2012, RESEARCH REGARDING EVALUATION OF RAM’S SEMEN, COLLECTED BY ELECTROEJACULATION, OUT OF THE BREEDING SEASON. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 52-59.

RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CUTANEOUS MALIGNANT MESENCHYMAL TUMORS IN DOG

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Georgeta Dinescu, Selda Curtseit, Bucică Laura, Manuella Militaru

This study evaluated the epidemiological and morphological features, along with the efficiency of the cytological and histopathological diagnosis of cutaneous malignant mesenchymal tumors (MMT) in dogs. The study included 325 dogs with cutaneous MMT presented during five years (2007 – 2011) at the Department of Pathological Anatomy of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Bucharest. It was intended to establish: the predisposition of breed and sex, location of lesions, the incidence by years, seasons and months, and what sampling and type of investigations were used for the diagnosis. During these five years, a total of 3643 dogs with various lesions were subjected to pathological diagnosis and 1262 (34.5%) of them presented cutaneous/subcutaneous masses, of which 325 (25.7%) dogs were diagnosed with MMT. Breed predilection was not detected, but the affected dogs were mainly of medium and large breeds. Sex predilection was not apparent, both sexes being almost equally represented. The incidence of the cutaneous MMT ranged from 14% in 2009, to 26% in 2011. The median age of the affected dogs increased from 8 years in the first 3 years, to 9 years in the last year of study. About half of the neoplasms were located on the limbs (49%). The attempt to correlate the incidence of the tumors with the season concluded that the majority of the diagnoses were established during spring (20.5%) with the fewest, during summer (12.5%). The samples were obtained by fine needle aspiration (54%) and surgical excision (46%). The most frequent MMT were mast cell tumor, (39%), hemangiopericytoma (24%) and histiocytic tumors (12%).

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Dinescu G., Curtseit S., Bucică L., Militaru M. 2012, RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CUTANEOUS MALIGNANT MESENCHYMAL TUMORS IN DOG. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 96-107.

REVIEW PAPER ISSUES IN FISH CORTISOL MEASUREMENT

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Alexandru-Ioan Lataretu

This paper represents a review of the stress response in fish with emphasis on cortisol, different methods of sampling, advantages and disadvantages. Cortisol is one of the most common measured stress indicator hormone in fish. The reasons why this hormone is often addressed by researchers are: Cortisol can be rapidly and accurately measured using ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and RIA (radioimmunoassay), the samples can be obtained through a wide variety of harvesting procedures that minimizes stress response in fish (including anesthesia), the plasma cortisol level has a tendency to rise when the fish is exposed to different stressors.

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Lataretu A. I. 2012, REVIEW PAPER ISSUES IN FISH CORTISOL MEASUREMENT. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 232-241.


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