Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

MORPHOLOGY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF SPLENOMEGALY IN DOGS – RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 1
Written by Adina-Mihaela PÎRVU, Georgeta DINESCU, Raluca Elena TIU, Manuella MILITARU

Splenomegaly in dogs is frequently diagnosed in veterinary practice. Establishing its morphological substrate is of major importance in choosing the therapeutic course and establishing the prognosis. The current study analyzed 194 dog spleens (190 surgically removed), submitted to the Pathology department, between August 2005 and October 2020. Macroscopic, cytological and histopathological examinations were performed. According to our results, localized/asymmetric splenomegaly represents 78.35% of the total cases examined. Splenomegaly was diagnosed mainly in mixed-breed dogs (22.68%), among the purebreed dogs the most affected being those of medium and large size, such as German Shepherd (11.86%) and Rottweiler (10.3%). Old age is a risk factor, 51% of the subjects being over 10 years old; 53% were males and 47% females. In 55% of all cases the splenomegaly had a non-neoplastic substrate, in 45% being represented by neoplastic processes. The most frequently diagnosed tumor was hemangiosarcoma (50.57%); the most common non-neoplastic diseases were hematoma (40.19%) and splenic congestion (26.17%).

[Read full article] [Citation]

The publisher is not responsible for the opinions published in the Volume. They represent the authors’ point of view.

© 2019 Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine. All Rights Reserved. To be cited: Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine.

Powered by INTELIDEV