Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

RESEARCH ON THE BUNODONT AND SECODONT TYPES OF TEETH IN DOMESTIC MAMMALS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 1
Written by Cristian BELU, Iulian DUMITRESCU, Bogdan GEORGESCU, Petronela Mihaela ROȘU, Anca ȘEICARU, Ștefania RAITA, Sorina Andreea MIHAI, Mădălina DOBRILĂ, Oresti MIHELIS, Gabriel PREDOI

The teeth are made of hard materials, they represent the most resistant organs to destruction, often being collected from archaeological sites. They play a major role in establishing the species origin of fossils or corpses. A single tooth sometimes provides clues as to where it came from, and provides information about the animal's age, diet, and behaviour. The study was performed on the skulls of pigs, canines and cats, then described the anatomical characteristics of each type of tooth, insisting on teeth that have similar anatomical aspects and can cause confusion in identification. The dentition of pigs is adapted to the omnivorous regime, the molars being of the bunodont type, compared to carnivores where all teeth are of the brachiodont type. The stricter carnivorous diet of cats, compared to that of canids, translates into the specialization of dentition to a more pronounced second type, the morphological effect being the reduction of tuberculous molars. This motivated us to carry out the work, hoping that the results could be useful for the professional activities of veterinarians, but also forensic doctors.

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