Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

MORPHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE THORACIC LIMB SKELETON IN BACTRIAN CAMEL

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVIII, Issue 1
Written by Cristian BELU, Anca ȘEICARU, Alexandru MANOLESCU, Sorina Andreea MIHAI, Petronela Mihaela ROȘU, Iulian DUMITRESCU, Mădălina Laura SÎRBU

The paper describes in detail the particular aspects of the thoracic limb bones in two adult Bactrian camels. The working methods used were bone preparation and analysis of their macroscopic morphological features compared to large local domestic ungulates. The scapula of the camel has an intermediate aspect between those of equines and cattle. The humerus shows a reduction of the humeral neck and a less developed epicondylar crest. No delimitation between the articular surface of the proximal extremity of the radius and the semilunar surface of the ulna on the medial side was observed, which gives a maximum of consolidation of the zeugopodium, increasing the resistance to movement. The trapezius is absent from the second carpal bone row. The main metacarpal consisted of the fusion of metacarpals III and IV. The most important difference from the phalanges of equines and cattle is the lack of the sulcus that crosses in dorso-palmar direction the proximal joint surface.

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