Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 2065-1295, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663


Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 3
Written by Natalia Filipenco, S. Baraitareanu

The study involved 400 non-sterilized dogs (232 males, 168 females) and 300 sterilized dogs (123 males, 177 females). Both groups have been divided in three subgroups: purebred, crossbreed and adopted community dogs. Four pathological events were questioned and correlated with spaying and neutering: obesity, pyometra, nervous lactation after pseudo-pregnancy and prostatic hyperplasia. In our study, reproductive disorders imposed the sterilization in 127 dogs (51.18% males, 48.81% females), of which: 37.00% (47/127) purebred, 41.74% (53/127) crossbreed and 21.26% (27/127) adopted community dogs. Prevalence of obesity was 18.40% (46/250) in purebred, 30.00% (72/250) in crossbred and 18.00% (36/200) in adopted community dogs. A correlation between obesity and sterilization in the population of dogs studied was not observed. Pyometra prevalence was 21.05% (24/114) in purebred, 18.26% (21/115) in crossbred and 16.19% (17/105) in adopted community bitch. Nervous lactation prevalence was 71.05% (81/114) in purebred, 58.26% (67/115) in crossbred and 19.05% (20/105) in adopted community bitch. Prevalence of prostatic hyperplasia was 10.29% (14/136) in purebred, 2.22% (3/135) in crossbred and 7.37% (7/95) in adopted community dogs. The highest prostatic diseases in group of purebred males were correlated with sterilization in old ages (86.95% after 2 years age). The low prevalence of prostatic diseases in crossbred and community males were correlated with high proportion of early age neutered dog (58% before 2 years age). Therefore, early sterilization of non-breeding dogs could be a good decision to reduce the unnecessary distress associated with reproductive pathology.

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