Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

METHODS FOR DETERMINING OSSEOINTEGRATION OF ENDOSSEOUS DENTAL IMPLANTS - REVIEW

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Mihaela MINCU, Elvira GAGNIUC, Roxana BUDEI, Manuella MILITARU

The dental implant is currently the treatment of choice for dental restoration in edentulous patients. The success of implantation is represented by the dental implant osseointegration. An important indicator of osseointegration is the primary stability (represents the direct mechanical contact between the dental implant and the bone tissue) and secondary stability (appears when regenerative processes and bone remodeling around the implant occur). The gold standard for determining the stability of the implant is histomorphometric analysis, this being a direct and objective method. The method is mainly used in experimental animal studies. Currently, non-invasive methods are used to monitor human subjects. They have the disadvantage that they are indirect methods (e.g.: radiography, cutting torque test, periotest) or they are subjective (e.g.: Percussion test). Till now, no universally accepted non-invasive method has been discovered to directly and objectively quantify the stability of the dental implant.

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