Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF Rhodococcus equi BACTERIAL STRAIN IN A PUREBREAD ARABIAN HORSES FARM IN ROMANIA

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXVII, Issue 2
Written by Dragos LUPU, Anca BULGARU, Horia DINU, Elena NEGRU, Doina DANEŞ, Mihai DANEŞ

Rhodococcus equi is a Gram-positive, encapsulated, pleomorphic, intracellular bacillus, which mainly affects foals. Despite often being fatal it is still a neglected pathogen. The main objective of this study is to establish the etiological diagnosis in a clinical case of pneumonia in foals using basic bacteriology techniques. The strain referred to has been collected from a 32-day-old foal with the following symptoms: fever, dyspnea, abdominal breathing, cough and a deeply altered general condition. The isolation of the bacteria has been performed on Lowenstein- Jensen selective medium and the identification has been done based on morpho-cultural and biochemical features. Consequently, an antibiogram was performed and it showed that the isolated R. equi strain is sensitive to rifampicin and azithromycin thus the therapeutic protocol was corrected.

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