Scientific Works Series C. Veterinary Medicine

PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

EFFECTS OF THE PHOTOPERIODICITY ON THE REPRODUCTION IN SOW. II-EFFECTS ON THE ESTROUS CYCLE, PREGNANCY LENGTH AND TOTAL BORN PIGLETS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Costin BUDICA, Rosalie DOJANA, Laurent OGNEAN, Iuliana CODREANU, Nicolae DOJANA

In the frame of this paper it was researched the relationship between season and some reproductive parameters (oestrus length, pregnancy length and total born piglets) in primiparous and multiparous sows in terms of the photoperiodicity climate in Romania. The research was conducted on a crossbred Yorkshire sows (♀) × Landrace (♂) sow population and consisted of monitoring the oestrus duration, the gestation period and the number of total born piglets related to astronomical seasons: fall, winter, spring and summer. They were found seasonal influences characterized by a longer gestation length in autumn and spring seasons vs. summer and winter, with a difference of about one day between the seasons, and an annual average difference of about one day between primiparous and multiparous sows. Gestation length was inversely correlated with total born piglets. The oestrus length had an annual average of about 2.16 days in primiparous and 2.98 days in multiparous sows, with peak values in seasons of growing photoperiodicity and minimum values in seasons of decreasing photoperiodicity.

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