PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

PARVOVIROSIS: A CASE REPORT AND A REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIV, Issue 2
Written by Monica SUĂTEAN, Catrinel Alexandra PEREDI, Diana Ioana OLAH, Mihaela NICULAE, Adrian Valentin POTÂRNICHE, Marina SPÎNU, G.F. BRUDAȘCĂ

This paper aims to present a case report of three young Labrador puppies six months old, puppies living in three different homes, but belonging to the same litter in Cluj-Napoca. In addition to this this paper aims to review the literature regarding parvovirosis. Parvovirosis is an extremely contagious and fatal disease that occurs especially in young dogs, affecting the gastrointestinal tract and in more extreme cases it also affects the heart of the patients. Parvovirosis is produced by a virus of the Parvoviridae family, the Parvovirus genus, more exactly CPV-2. Preventable through vaccination, the newest cases have shown that even the best vaccines are ineffective, resulting in the apparition of the horrible disease. The diagnosis is quite simple to put, the clinical signs being extremely relevant. Additional tests may be used, helping with the assessment regarding the evolution of the disease. The prognosis of this disease depends of the virulence of the virus strain as well as the response of the organism to the treatment. However, it is also important that the treatment is started as soon as possible, because without it, the prognosis is fatal. These three young Labrador puppies are the living example that the vaccines used in them for the prevention of this fatal disease were not efficient. The disease first appeared in cats 1978, but since then the disease has appeared to dogs as well. Lately in Cluj there has been an explosion of cases, the virus attacked without considering the vaccine status of patients. This paper will present the outcome of the treatment in these particular cases, more exactly two males and one female, belonging to the same litter, all three being treated inside the Infectious Diseases Clinic of the Veterinary Medicine Faculty in Cluj Napoca.

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