PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

OPEN REDUCTION METHODS OF LUXATIONS IN DOGS AND CATS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXIV, Issue 2
Written by Andreea ISTRATE, Alexandra PETEOACA, Andrei TANASE, Jacqueline MOCANU, Catalin MICSA, Gina GIRDAN, Emilia CIOBOTARU

BACKGROUND: The most frequent luxations encountered in small animal pathology are located at the humero-radioulnar joint and tibio-tarsal-metatarsal joint, usually with traumatic etiology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine which elbow luxation reduction method has the best advantages, taking into consideration some specific variables such as long term prognosis, post-operative lameness and the extent of soft-tissue trauma caused by the open reduction techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two surgical techniques have been used comparatively: a technique using screws and cerclage wire and one using modified bone staples. This study was conducted on 12 cases, of which six being treated using screws and cerclage wire and six using metallic implants. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical reduction of traumatic luxations in dogs and cats using modified bone staples has a better outcome with minimal damage on joint dynamics and soft-tissue trauma and should be considered as a reduction method of choice for all breeds of dogs and cats, having lower surgical costs, a shorter interventional time and a better post-operative recovery.

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