OF THE CONCERNS OF OUR ANCESTORS IN THE CARPATO-DANUBIO-PONTIC REGION FOR ANIMAL BREEDING (I. From the ancient times until the Romans leving Dacia)

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3
Written by Dumitru CURCA

From the Neo/eneolithic, bronze and iron ages. The population of the Cucuteni culture was hunters and agriculturists and handicraftsmen such as weavers, pottery workers and toolmakers. The archaeology display several artefacts or paintings on ceramics picturing the animal species used by the people of that time: A zoomorphic representation; Zoomorphic picture; Zooomorphic vessel. II. From the period of the Roman occupation (1st – 3rd centuries). On the Column of Trajan, historic monument from Rome built upon order of Trajan Emperor in commemoration of his victory from Dacia, by Apolodorus de Damasc and preserved until our present time. Reaching the apogee of the historic Roman bas-relief, the 124 episodes carved in spiral on the Column, illustrating the Commentaries of Trajan about the Dacic wars (De bello dacico), by their character of historic document, are a true document about the concerns of the Dacians for the breeding and use of horses in defence. Some interesting scenes depict domesticated animals used for sacrifices or for food. Another important monument is the “Triumphal Monument” located north of Adamclisi commune in Dobrogea, in an area of forested hills. Among the bas-reliefs from Adamclisi one may notice those showing groups of sheep and goats, species loved by the people who inhabited and still inhabits these places. III. Historiography using terminology from the Romanian linguistic. The modern Romanian language is considered a Romanic language. From the Dacian-Thracic-Iliric languages in the basic lexical fund will still have just about (170- 180) 165 words, such as: hearth, earth, ash, child, infant, meadow, orog, hornbeam, common oak, fir tree, cheese, soft cow cheese, whey, ford, swamp, wave, sunset, sunrise, swarm, peas, cabbage, grapes, wild boar, stork, head kerchief, scarf, peasant sandal, hood, pole, hill, shore, etc. The apicultural terminology is largely of Latin origin and it is one of the strongest arguments for understanding the stable life of the Romanians. Bee breeding words of Latin origin: albina (bee), stup (beehive), fagur (honey comb), miere (honey), cear (wax), pstur (maiden wax). Following are several bee breeding words of Slav origin: prisac (bee garden), matc (queen), trântor (male bee), Roi (swarm), Bezmetic (wandering aimlessly).Other Slav terms with the same meaning: ulei (oil), from the Bg. uleju in Oltenia; tiubei, from Ukr. stub+suf. –ei, in Moldova and Bucovina; coni, from the old Sl. kosnica, in Transylvania and Banat.

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Dumitru CURCA 2013, OF THE CONCERNS OF OUR ANCESTORS IN THE CARPATO-DANUBIO-PONTIC REGION FOR ANIMAL BREEDING (I. From the ancient times until the Romans leving Dacia). Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 19 ISSUE 3, PRINT ISSN 2065-1336, 197.

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