THE PRESENCE OF MYCOTOXINS (OTA AND ZEA) IN FEED FOR PIGS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON REPRODUCTION

Published in Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4
Written by Catalina POSEA, Alexandru ȘONEA, Alin BÎRTOIU, Monica ROMAN, Mihaela VASILE Anamaria BENCSE, Camelia ION ,

Today FAO estimates that about quater of world cereal crops are contaminated with mycotoxins. Contamination of agricultural products ca occur both befor and after harvest, especially during storage, being conditioned by the humidity and high temperatures. These factors favor the growth of mold and increase the resk of mycotoxins.Species of fungi: Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium can produce and release secondary metabolites in feed type: Ochratoxin A (OTA), Zearalenone (ZEA), impact on reproductive performance. Toxicity of mycotoxin depens on the source and their dose, duration of exposure and composition. Damaging effects of moldy feed management are felt especially in youth and female reproduction subject. If consumption of moldy feed, the effects recorded in breeding disorders manifested by abortions, complications of parturition, uterine involutions delayed, prolonged estrus after calving, followed by infecunditate endometritis and sterility. In this case the percentage of pregnant females is very low, even after the repeated treatements. This paper aims to address the presence of mycotoxins (OTA and ZEA) in feed intended for pigs, with their direct influence on reproduction. To minimize the impact of the presence of mycotoxins in pig feed, control measures are carried out to establish the quality of feed used. This mycotoxin has been evidenced by laboratory tests. The working method used was ELISA. Values obtained from determinations were performed according to the legislation.

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POSEA C., ȘONEA A., BÎRTOIU A., ROMAN M., VASILE M., BENCSE A., ION C. 2012, THE PRESENCE OF MYCOTOXINS (OTA AND ZEA) IN FEED FOR PIGS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON REPRODUCTION. Scientific Works. C Series. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LVIII ISSUE 4, PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, 322-329.


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