PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF SPONDYLOSIS DEFORMANS IN THE CAT SPINE

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Adela-Alexandra BALTATANU, Niculae TUDOR

In Veterinary Medicine, spondylosis is described as a non-inflammatory, degenerative disease of the peripheral region of the endplate, associated with new bone formation (osteophytes). The osteophytes vary from small spurs to bony bridges across the disc space, affecting one or more disc space. The ventral surface of the vertebral body usually is unaffected The aim of this paperwork was to determine the severity and the distribution of spondylosis deformans in the cat spine. There were examinated a number of 41 cats between January – September 2014, including 30 females and 11 males. From the 41 cats examined, 12 of them were pure breed: Blue russian 1 (female), Birmanese 8 (7 females and 1 male), Persian 3 (females) and 29 from mixed breeds (19 females and 10 males). Rx was performed in latero-lateral and dorso-ventral orthograde views. It was observed the presence of mild spondylosis in 23/41 (56.09%) cats, moderate spondylosis in 10/41 (24.39%) cats and severe spondylosis in 8/41 (19.51%) cats, specifying that a number of 7/41 (17.07%) cats have two or all three types of spondylosis. Location was as follows: none in the cervical region, only thoracal region 10/41(24.39%), only lumbar region 6/41 (14.63%) cats, only thoraco-lumbar region 16/41 (39.02%) cats, only lumbo-sacral region 6/41 (14.63%) cats and on all three regions (thoracal, lumbar and sacral) a number of 3/41 (7.31%) cats. Rx results are suggesting that females are more likely than males to spondylosis and the most affected regions are the thoraco-lumbar, followed by the thoracal ones.

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