PRINT ISSN 1222-5304, ISSN-L: 2065-1295, ISSN CD: 2343-9394,ISSN ONLINE 2067-3663
 

BOTULINUM NEUROTOXIN SEROTYPES INVOLVED IN FOOD-BORNE BOTULISM OUTBREAKS IN ROMANIA IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS

Published in Scientific Works. Series C. Veterinary Medicine, Vol. LXI
Written by Laurenţiu Mihai CIUPESCU, Isabela Madălina NICORESCU, Rodica DUMITRACHE, Rodica TANASUICA, Veronica CIUPESCU

This paper summarizes five food-borne botulism outbreaks occurred in Romania from January 2010 till the beginning of 2015. In this period, from 54 food samples received from human botulism suspicion cases and 140 self-control samples, only five samples were positive to the botulinum neurotoxin detection by mouse bioassay. Traditional prepared food seems to be the most common way to get the causative bacteria from specific poisoning areas. The food matrices positive for BoNT were pork and fish meat, all of them made at home in a traditional way. The most frequent BoNT serotype incriminated was B, found in three outbreaks associated with homemade salted and smoked dried pork and one outbreak with a homemade salted and smoked-dried fish meat. Only in one case, two BoNT serotypes A and B were detected in the same sample (salted and smoked- dried pork meat). For certain regions, seems to be incriminated a certain type of BoNT. Amongst the five outbreaks, three were reported in the North-Western, one in the Western and one in the Southern area of the country, thereby these places could be assigned like botulism poisoning zones, but studies need to be continued.

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